Characteristics of non-suicidal self-injury in women accessing internet help sites

Black, Emma B. and Mildred, Helen 2016, Characteristics of non-suicidal self-injury in women accessing internet help sites, Clinical Psychologist, In Press, doi: 10.1111/cp.12094.

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Title Characteristics of non-suicidal self-injury in women accessing internet help sites
Author(s) Black, Emma B.
Mildred, HelenORCID iD for Mildred, Helen
Journal name Clinical Psychologist
Season In Press
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication Chichester, England
Publication date 2016-04-15
ISSN 1328-4207
Keyword(s) deliberate self-harm
non-suicidal self-injury
self-injurious behaviour
Summary Background: This article aimed to examine and compare the frequency of occurrence of a broad range of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviours in an international sample of women. Methods: Female participants with NSSI (n = 464) were recruited via a range of websites and completed a questionnaire examining 17 different types of NSSI types and their frequency, severity, and duration. Results: Prevalent acts were cutting, scratching, and word carving; cutting and scratching occurred frequently, whilst word carving most often occurred as a single episode. Analyses revealed significant differences between Australian and U.S. participants, with U.S. participants having significantly higher rates of cutting, wound interference, carving, scratching, and sharp object sticking. Participants also reported on other self-harm methods not assessed by the questionnaire. Conclusions: Word carving may be qualitatively different from other forms of NSSI. More severe NSSI methods (e.g., bone breaking) are less prevalent than less dangerous methods (e.g., scratching). Participants considered a range of indirectly harmful or suicidal behaviours as self-injury contrary to researcher or clinician understanding. Finally, there may be cultural differences in relation to NSSI between countries where such behaviours are common, although further research is required to determine this.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/cp.12094
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Science
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Australian Psychological Society
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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