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Observable characteristics associated with alcohol intoxication within licensed entertainment venues in Australia

Coomber, Kerri, Pennay, Amy, Droste, Nicolas, Mayshak, Richelle, Martino, Florentine, Bowe, Steven J. and Miller, Peter G. 2016, Observable characteristics associated with alcohol intoxication within licensed entertainment venues in Australia, International journal of drug policy, vol. 36, pp. 8-14, doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.06.012.

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Title Observable characteristics associated with alcohol intoxication within licensed entertainment venues in Australia
Author(s) Coomber, Kerri
Pennay, Amy
Droste, Nicolas
Mayshak, RichelleORCID iD for Mayshak, Richelle orcid.org/0000-0003-2075-9447
Martino, Florentine
Bowe, Steven J.ORCID iD for Bowe, Steven J. orcid.org/0000-0003-3813-842X
Miller, Peter G.ORCID iD for Miller, Peter G. orcid.org/0000-0002-6896-5437
Journal name International journal of drug policy
Volume number 36
Start page 8
End page 14
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-10
ISSN 1873-4758
Keyword(s) alcohol
intoxication
licensed venues
observations
correlates
Summary BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to assess correlates of intoxication in licensed venues in Australia. METHODS: Covert observations of licensed venues and venue patron in night-time entertainment districts of five Australian cities were conducted. In total, 828 unique cross-sectional observations were completed across 62 bars, nightclubs, and large mainstream pubs. Venues were selected from the main entertainment district of smaller cities and the busiest entertainment districts of larger cities. Outcomes were the estimated percentage of patrons showing any signs of alcohol intoxication and the overall level of intoxication ('high' versus 'none to medium'). Seven predictors of patron intoxication were examined: hour of observation; estimated percentage of male patrons; estimated percentage of patrons <25 years old; venue crowding; presence of observable alcohol promotions; type of alcoholic beverage consumed by the majority of patrons; and, venue type. RESULTS: Time of night (coefficient=11.71, p<.001; OR=9.61, p<.001), percentage of patrons aged <25 (coefficient=0.14, p<.001; OR=1.01, p=.031), and venue crowding (coefficient=4.40, p<.001; OR=1.39, p=.009) had significant positive associations with both signs of intoxication and high levels of intoxication. Nightclubs had a lower percentage of signs of intoxication compared to pubs (coefficient=-10.73, p=.021). Increased percentage of male patrons was associated with increased odds of high-level intoxication (OR=1.05, p=.020). CONCLUSION: Time of night and proportion of younger patrons had a strong association with patron intoxication adding further support for the strong body of evidence that ceasing service of alcohol earlier in the evening will reduce intoxication levels.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.06.012
Field of Research 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920414 Substance Abuse
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier B.V.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30085199

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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