Maternal correlates of young children's physical activity across periods of the day

Hnatiuk, Jill, Ridgers, Nicola, Salmon, Jo-Ann and Hesketh, Kylie 2017, Maternal correlates of young children's physical activity across periods of the day, Journal of science and medicine in sport, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 178-183, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.06.014.

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Title Maternal correlates of young children's physical activity across periods of the day
Author(s) Hnatiuk, JillORCID iD for Hnatiuk, Jill
Ridgers, NicolaORCID iD for Ridgers, Nicola
Salmon, Jo-AnnORCID iD for Salmon, Jo-Ann
Hesketh, KylieORCID iD for Hesketh, Kylie
Journal name Journal of science and medicine in sport
Volume number 20
Issue number 2
Start page 178
End page 183
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2017-02
ISSN 1440-2440
Keyword(s) motor activity
mother-child relations
Mother–child relations
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Sport Sciences
Summary OBJECTIVES: Associations between maternal correlates and young children's physical activity levels across the whole day and the segmented day were examined. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study METHODS: Participants were 136 mothers and their 1-3 year old children recruited between July 2013 and March 2014. Mothers reported time spent providing physical activity opportunities for their child, co-participating in and modelling physical activity and sedentary behaviours during the morning, afternoon and evening. Participants wore ActiGraph GT3X (mothers) and GT3X+ (children) accelerometers concurrently for seven consecutive days and the time spent in light- (LPA), moderate- to vigorous- (MVPA) and total (LMVPA) physical activity were assessed. Two-level (family; recruitment group) multivariate models examined associations between maternal correlates (including maternal objectively-assessed sedentary time [ST] and physical activity) and children's physical activity. RESULTS: Maternal self-reported co-participation in sedentary behaviour and provision of child opportunities for physical activity were associated with children's physical activity; associations varied by period and physical activity intensity. During the morning period, mothers' objectively assessed ST was negatively associated with children's MVPA and LMVPA while her LPA was positively associated with children's LPA, MVPA and LMVPA. Mothers' MVPA was negatively associated with children's LPA and LMVPA during the evening period. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal correlates of young children's physical activity may be period- and intensity-specific. Programmes promoting physical activity for families may need to consider incorporating strategies to reduce mother-child co-participation in sedentary behaviour, increase mothers' provision of opportunities to be active and increase mothers' own LPA over ST during certain periods of the day.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.06.014
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Sports Medicine Australia
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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