Energy dissipation and geometry effects over stepped spillways
Jahad, Udai A., Al-Ameri, Riyadh and Das, Subrat 2016, Energy dissipation and geometry effects over stepped spillways, International journal of civil engineering and technology, vol. 7, no. 4, Article number : IJCIET_07_04_015, pp. 188-198.
The energy dissipation process is the major significant point in the designof hydraulic structure. The dissipation of high energy on stepped weirsprevents any damage in the weir itself and channels the energy ownstream to reduce the stilling basin size. In this study, four physical models are used to evaluate the impact of adding end sills that have a quarter circle shape at step edges. The amount of energy loss on weirs under different flow regimes is investigated by experimental work. Stepped weirs have a suitable number of steps and two different ratios of the width to height (2.22, and 2.40). The scale of the physical models is 20:1. The outcomes of the dimensional analyses refer to the critical depth for flow in weirs to the height of step yc/h, the end sill radius, and the number of steps N are more effective parameters than others inthe energy loss process. Moreover, for small values of yc/h, the energydissipation is the greatest. Any increase in yc/h leads to a decrease in theenergy dissipation, while the energy dissipation increases with the number of steps (N).
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