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Study protocol for a systematic review of evidence for lifestyle interventions targeting smoking, sleep, alcohol/other drug use, physical activity, and healthy diet in people with bipolar disorder

Kay-Lambkin, Frances J., Thornton, Louise, Lappin, Julia M., Hanstock, Tanya, Sylvia, Louisa, Jacka, Felice, Baker, Amanda L., Berk, Michael, Mitchell, Phillip B., Callister, Robin, Rogers, Naomi, Webster, Stephanie, Dennis, Simon, Oldmeadow, Christopher, MacKinnon, Andrew, Doran, Christopher, Turner, Alyna and Hunt, Sally 2016, Study protocol for a systematic review of evidence for lifestyle interventions targeting smoking, sleep, alcohol/other drug use, physical activity, and healthy diet in people with bipolar disorder, Systematic reviews, vol. 5, Article number : 106, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.1186/s13643-016-0282-9.

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Title Study protocol for a systematic review of evidence for lifestyle interventions targeting smoking, sleep, alcohol/other drug use, physical activity, and healthy diet in people with bipolar disorder
Author(s) Kay-Lambkin, Frances J.
Thornton, Louise
Lappin, Julia M.
Hanstock, Tanya
Sylvia, Louisa
Jacka, FeliceORCID iD for Jacka, Felice orcid.org/0000-0002-9825-0328
Baker, Amanda L.
Berk, MichaelORCID iD for Berk, Michael orcid.org/0000-0002-5554-6946
Mitchell, Phillip B.
Callister, Robin
Rogers, Naomi
Webster, Stephanie
Dennis, Simon
Oldmeadow, Christopher
MacKinnon, Andrew
Doran, Christopher
Turner, AlynaORCID iD for Turner, Alyna orcid.org/0000-0001-7389-2546
Hunt, Sally
Journal name Systematic reviews
Volume number 5
Season Article number : 106
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016
ISSN 2046-4053
Keyword(s) alcohol/other drug use
bipolar disorder
depression
diet
interventions
mania
morbidity
mortality
physical activity
prevention
risk
sleep
smoking
tobacco
treatment
weight loss
Summary BACKGROUND: People with bipolar disorder (BD) have a mortality gap of up to 20 years compared to the general population. Physical conditions, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer, cause the majority of excess deaths in psychiatric populations and are the leading causes of mortality in people with BD. However, comparatively little attention has been paid to reducing the risk of physical conditions in psychiatric populations. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are among the potentially modifiable risk factors for a range of commonly comorbid chronic medical conditions, including CVD, diabetes, and obesity. This systematic review will identify and evaluate the available evidence for effective interventions to reduce risk and promote healthy lifestyle behaviors in BD.

METHODS/DESIGN: We will search MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and CINAHL for published research studies (with at least an abstract published in English) that evaluate behavioral or psychosocial interventions to address the following lifestyle factors in people with BD: tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, overweight or obesity, sleep-wake disturbance, and alcohol/other drug use. Primary outcomes for the review will be changes in tobacco use, level of physical activity, diet quality, sleep quality, alcohol use, and illicit drug use. Data on each primary outcome will be synthesized across available studies in that lifestyle area (e.g., tobacco abstinence, cigarettes smoked per day), and panel of research and clinical experts in each of the target lifestyle behaviors and those experienced with clinical and research with individuals with BD will determine how best to represent data related to that primary outcome. Seven members of the systematic review team will extract data, synthesize the evidence, and rate it for quality. Evidence will be synthesized via a narrative description of the behavioral interventions and their effectiveness in improving the healthy lifestyle behaviors in people with BD.

DISCUSSION: The planned review will synthesize and evaluate the available evidence regarding the behavioral or psychosocial treatment of lifestyle-related behaviors in people with BD. From this review, we will identify gaps in our existing knowledge and research evidence about the management of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors in people with BD. We will also identify potential opportunities to address lifestyle behaviors in BD, with a view to reducing the burden of physical ill-health in this population.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s13643-016-0282-9
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30085595

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Medicine
Open Access Collection
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Created: Mon, 22 Aug 2016, 12:36:30 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.