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Enrichment of cellulosic waste hemp (Cannabis sativa) hurd into non-toxic microfibres

Abraham, Reinu E., Wong, Cynthia S. and Puri, Munish 2016, Enrichment of cellulosic waste hemp (Cannabis sativa) hurd into non-toxic microfibres, Materials, vol. 9, no. 7, Special issue: Advances in functionalization of lignocellulosic materials, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.3390/ma9070562.

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Title Enrichment of cellulosic waste hemp (Cannabis sativa) hurd into non-toxic microfibres
Formatted title Enrichment of cellulosic waste hemp (Cannabis sativa) hurd into non-toxic microfibres
Author(s) Abraham, Reinu E.
Wong, Cynthia S.
Puri, Munish
Journal name Materials
Volume number 9
Issue number 7
Season Special issue: Advances in functionalization of lignocellulosic materials
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2016-07-11
ISSN 1996-1944
Keyword(s) alkaline treatment
cellulose
human fibroblasts
scaffolds
valuables
Science & Technology
Technology
Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
Materials Science
ACID-HYDROLYSIS
BIOMASS
FIBERS
NANOCRYSTALS
EXTRACTION
WHISKERS
BIONANOCOMPOSITES
COMPOSITES
Summary In this study a largely available lignocellulose feedstock hemp (Cannabis sativa), obtained as an industrial waste, was used for cellulose extraction. The extraction of cellulose microfibres from hemp biomass was conducted by alkaline treatment and an acidification process. The extracted cellulose microfibres were characterised using Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD).The viability of the study was determined by growing human fibroblasts on the preparation which resulted in being non-toxic; indicating its potential in preparing biological scaffolds. Upon enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose microfibre using cellulase from Trichoderma reesei, a maximum of 909 mg/g of reducing sugars were obtained, which endorses its suitability for biofuel production.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ma9070562
Field of Research 090301 Biomaterials
100302 Bioprocessing, Bioproduction and Bioproducts
Socio Economic Objective 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30085696

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.