Maternal nutrition during pregnancy: intake of nutrients important for bone health

Hyde, Natalie Kate, Brennan-Olsen, Sharon, Bennett, Kathy, Moloney, David and Pasco, Julie 2017, Maternal nutrition during pregnancy: intake of nutrients important for bone health, Maternal and child health journal, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 845-851, doi: 10.1007/s10995-016-2178-7.

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Title Maternal nutrition during pregnancy: intake of nutrients important for bone health
Author(s) Hyde, Natalie KateORCID iD for Hyde, Natalie Kate
Brennan-Olsen, Sharon
Bennett, Kathy
Moloney, David
Pasco, JulieORCID iD for Pasco, Julie
Journal name Maternal and child health journal
Volume number 21
Issue number 4
Start page 845
End page 851
Total pages 7
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2017-04
ISSN 1573-6628
Keyword(s) Diet
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Summary Objectives Maternal nutrition during pregnancy plays an important role in predisposing offspring to the development of chronic disease in adulthood, including osteoporosis. Our aim was to investigate maternal dietary intakes during pregnancy, with a focus on nutrients important for skeletal development in the offspring. Methods In this case-control study, cases were pregnant women recruited for the Vitamin D in Pregnancy Study (n = 350, age 20-40 years) and controls were non-pregnant peers participating in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study (n = 305, age 20-40 years). Dietary intakes of nutrients were quantified using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Results Compared to controls, cases consumed more energy [median (interquartile range): 7831 (6506-9461) vs. 7136 (6112-8785) kJ/day]; median intakes for cases were greater for carbohydrates [206.2 (172.5-249.9) vs. 188.2 (147.7-217.5) g/day], fat [77.9 (60.3-96.6) vs. 72.1 (53.3-87.4) g/day], potassium [2860 (2363-3442) vs. 2606 (2166-3442) mg/day] and calcium [1022 (819-1264) vs. 918 (782-1264) mg/day] (all p ≤ 0.05). However, pregnant women were not consuming greater amounts of those nutrients which had an increased demand (protein, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc). Similarly, this translated to the likelihood of achieving national recommendations for corresponding nutrients. Conclusions for Practice Compared to their non-pregnant peers, pregnant women were more likely to meet dietary recommendations for calcium and potassium; however, this was not the pattern observed for protein, magnesium and zinc. Future public health messages should perhaps focus on increasing awareness of the importance of all these nutrients during pregnancy.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10995-016-2178-7
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920116 Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
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