Parents who supply sips of alcohol in early adolescence: a prospective study of risk factors

Wadolowski, Monika, Hutchinson, Delyse, Bruno, Raimondo, Aiken, Alexandra, Najman, Jackob M., Kypri, Kypros, Slade, Tim, McBride, Nyanda and Mattick, Richard P. 2016, Parents who supply sips of alcohol in early adolescence: a prospective study of risk factors, Pediatrics, vol. 137, no. 3, Article number : e20152611, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-2611.

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Title Parents who supply sips of alcohol in early adolescence: a prospective study of risk factors
Author(s) Wadolowski, Monika
Hutchinson, DelyseORCID iD for Hutchinson, Delyse
Bruno, Raimondo
Aiken, Alexandra
Najman, Jackob M.
Kypri, Kypros
Slade, Tim
McBride, Nyanda
Mattick, Richard P.
Journal name Pediatrics
Volume number 137
Issue number 3
Season Article number : e20152611
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher American Academy of Pediatrics
Place of publication Groke Village, Ill.
Publication date 2016-03
ISSN 1098-4275
Keyword(s) Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Alcohol Drinking
Follow-Up Studies
Parent-Child Relations
Peer Group
Prospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Underage Drinking
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Summary BACKGROUND: Parents are a major supplier of alcohol to adolescents, often initiating use with sips. Despite harms of adolescent alcohol use, research has not addressed the antecedents of such parental supply. This study investigated the prospective associations between familial, parental, peer, and adolescent characteristics on parental supply of sips. METHODS: Participants were 1729 parent-child dyads recruited from Grade 7 classes, as part of the Australian Parental Supply of Alcohol Longitudinal Study. Data are from baseline surveys (Time 1) and 1-year follow-up (Time 2). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regressions tested prospective associations between Time 1 familial, parental, peer, and adolescent characteristics and Time 2 parental supply. RESULTS: In the fully adjusted model, parental supply was associated with increased parent-report of peer substance use (odds ratio [OR] = 1.20, 95% confidence ratio [CI], 1.08-1.34), increased home alcohol access (OR = 1.07, 95% CI, 1.03-1.11), and lenient alcohol-specific rules (OR=0.88, 95% CI, 0.78-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Parents who perceived that their child engaged with substance-using peers were more likely to subsequently supply sips of alcohol. Parents may believe supply of a small quantity of alcohol will protect their child from unsupervised alcohol use with peers. It is also possible that parental perception of peer substance use may result in parents believing that this is a normative behavior for their child's age group, and in turn that supply is also normative. Further research is required to understand the impacts of such supply, even in small quantities, on adolescent alcohol use trajectories.
Language eng
DOI 10.1542/peds.2015-2611
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920414 Substance Abuse
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, American Academy of Pediatrics
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School of Psychology
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