Prospective memory while driving : comparison of time- and event-based intentions

Trawley, Steven, Stephens, Amanda N, Rendell, Peter G and Groeger, John A 2016, Prospective memory while driving : comparison of time- and event-based intentions, Ergonomics, In Press, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1080/00140139.2016.1214288.

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Title Prospective memory while driving : comparison of time- and event-based intentions
Author(s) Trawley, StevenORCID iD for Trawley, Steven
Stephens, Amanda N
Rendell, Peter G
Groeger, John A
Journal name Ergonomics
Season In Press
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Basingstoke, Eng.
Publication date 2016-08
ISSN 1366-5847
Keyword(s) Prospective memory
delayed intentions
driving simulator
virtual environment
Summary Prospective memories can divert attentional resources from ongoing activities. However, it is unclear whether these effects and the theoretical accounts that seek to explain them will generalise to a complex real-world task such as driving. Twenty-four participants drove two simulated routes while maintaining a fixed headway with a lead vehicle. Drivers were given either event-based (e.g. arriving at a filling station) or time-based errands (e.g. on-board clock shows 3:30). In contrast to the predominant view in the literature which suggests time-based tasks are more demanding, drivers given event-based errands showed greater difficulty in mirroring lead vehicle speed changes compared to the time-based group. Results suggest that common everyday secondary tasks, such as scouting the roadside for a bank, may have a detrimental impact on driving performance. The additional finding that this cost was only evident with the event-based task highlights a potential area of both theoretical and practical interest. Practitioner Summary: Drivers were given either time- or event-based errands whilst engaged in a simulated drive. We examined the effect of errands on an ongoing vehicle follow task. In contrast to previous non-driving studies, event-based errands are more disruptive. Common everyday errands may have a detrimental impact on driving performance.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/00140139.2016.1214288
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1203 Design Practice And Management
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Informa UK
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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