Validity of short food questionnaire items to measure intake in children and adolescents: a systematic review

Golley, RK, Bell, LK, Hendrie, GA, Rangan, AM, Spence, A, Mcnaughton, SA, Carpenter, L, Allman-Farinelli, M, de Silva, A, Gill, T, Collins, CE, Truby, H, Flood, VM and Burrows, T 2017, Validity of short food questionnaire items to measure intake in children and adolescents: a systematic review, Journal of human nutrition and dietetics, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 36-50, doi: 10.1111/jhn.12399.

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Title Validity of short food questionnaire items to measure intake in children and adolescents: a systematic review
Author(s) Golley, RK
Bell, LK
Hendrie, GA
Rangan, AM
Spence, AORCID iD for Spence, A
Mcnaughton, SAORCID iD for Mcnaughton, SA
Carpenter, L
Allman-Farinelli, M
de Silva, A
Gill, T
Collins, CE
Truby, H
Flood, VM
Burrows, T
Journal name Journal of human nutrition and dietetics
Volume number 30
Issue number 1
Start page 36
End page 50
Total pages 15
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2017-02
ISSN 1365-277X
Keyword(s) adolescent
food intake
short food question
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
Summary BACKGROUND: Short food questions are appealing to measure dietary intakes. METHODS: A review of studies published between 2004 and 2016 was undertaken and these were included in the present study if they reported on a question or short item questionnaire (≤50 items, data presented as ≤30 food groups) measuring food intake or food-related habits, in children (aged 6 months to 18 years), and reported question validity or reliability. Thirty studies met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Most questions assessed foods or food groups (n = 29), with the most commonly assessed being fruit (n = 22) or vegetable intake (n = 23), dairy foods and discretionary foods (n = 20 studies each). Four studies assessed food habits, with the most common being breakfast and meal frequency (n = 4 studies). Twenty studies assessed reliability, and 25 studies determined accuracy and were most commonly compared against food records. Evaluation of question performance relied on statistical tests such as correlation. CONCLUSIONS: The present study has identified valid and reliable questions for the range of key food groups of interest to public health nutrition. Questions were more likely to be reliable than accurate, and relatively few questions were both reliable and accurate. Gaps in repeatable and valid short food questions have been identified that will provide direction for future tool development.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/jhn.12399
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The British Dietetic Association
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