The impact of negative online social network content on expressed sentiment, executive function, and working memory

Mayshak, Richelle, Sharman, Stefanie J. and Zinkiewicz, Lucy 2016, The impact of negative online social network content on expressed sentiment, executive function, and working memory, Computers in human behavior, vol. 65, pp. 402-408, doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.09.002.

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Title The impact of negative online social network content on expressed sentiment, executive function, and working memory
Author(s) Mayshak, RichelleORCID iD for Mayshak, Richelle
Sharman, Stefanie J.ORCID iD for Sharman, Stefanie J.
Zinkiewicz, LucyORCID iD for Zinkiewicz, Lucy
Journal name Computers in human behavior
Volume number 65
Start page 402
End page 408
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-12
ISSN 1873-7692
Keyword(s) Social networking websites
executive function
trait empathy
Social Sciences
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Psychology, Experimental
Summary Given the paucity of research examining emotional states in social networking, the aim of this study was to examine the impact of negatively valanced social media network content on the amount of sentiment that participants included in their free-text responses, as well as on their executive functioning and working memory. Eighty participants aged between 18 and 67 (M = 29.39, SD = 11.21 years) completed baseline mood and cognitive measures (working memory and executive functioning) before exposure to three control posts and one negative emotional post. For each post, participants wrote a free-text response or indicated that they would not respond. Participants then completed the mood and cognitive measures a second time. After exposure to an emotionally negative post, participants' mood was lower and their executive functioning improved (as measured by reaction time and number of incorrectly identified target words). Participants' responses to an emotional post contained higher levels of sentiment compared to their responses to control posts. After controlling for demographic variables, participants' mood and trait empathy predicted the level of sentiment that they included in their responses to the emotional post. Mood, executive function, and trait empathy contributed to individuals’ online social network engagement for emotionally negative posts.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.chb.2016.09.002
Field of Research 170201 Computer Perception, Memory and Attention
0806 Information Systems
1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Science
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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