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Evidence synthesis and translation for nutrition interventions to combat micronutrient deficiencies with particular focus on food fortification

Lawrence, Mark, Wingrove, Kate, Naude, Celeste and Durao, Solange 2016, Evidence synthesis and translation for nutrition interventions to combat micronutrient deficiencies with particular focus on food fortification, Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.3390/nu8090555.

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Title Evidence synthesis and translation for nutrition interventions to combat micronutrient deficiencies with particular focus on food fortification
Author(s) Lawrence, MarkORCID iD for Lawrence, Mark orcid.org/0000-0001-6899-3983
Wingrove, Kate
Naude, Celeste
Durao, Solange
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 8
Issue number 9
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher MPDI AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2016-09
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) evidence synthesis
food fortification
micronutrient deficiency
nutrition-sensitive
nutrition-specific
policy
systematic review
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
HEALTH
Summary Over two billion people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies. Food fortification is a prominent nutrition intervention to combat such deficiencies; however, its effectiveness, risks, and ethical implications vary depending on the contexts associated with the deficiency it is addressing and the circumstances with its implementation. The aim of this research was to analyse the profile of nutrition interventions for combating micronutrient deficiency with particular focus on food fortification reported in existing systematic reviews (SRs), guidelines and policy statements, and implementation actions for nutrition. A review of secondary data available from online databases of SRs, guidelines and policy statements, and implementation actions, categorised as either "nutrition-specific interventions" (NSpI) or "nutrition-sensitive interventions" (NSeI), was conducted. Currently, there is evidence available for a diversity of food fortification topics, and there has been much translation into action. Indeed, food fortification and micronutrient supplementation interventions and NSpI more broadly dominate the profile of interventions for which there were SRs, guidelines, and policy statements available. The findings demonstrate that, although there is a rational linear relationship between evidence synthesis and translation in formulating policy and actions to combat micronutrient deficiencies, the various nutrition interventions available to help combat micronutrient deficiencies are not equally represented in the evidence synthesis and translation processes. Effective and safe policies and actions to combat micronutrient deficiencies require decisions to be informed from a body of evidence that consists of evidence from a variety of interventions. Into the future, investment in making available a higher number of SRs, guidelines and policy statements, and actions of NSeI is indicated.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu8090555
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
Copyright notice ©2016, MDPI AG
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30086199

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Tue, 20 Sep 2016, 14:42:36 EST

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