Ocular motor disturbances in autism spectrum disorders: systematic review and comprehensive meta-analysis

Johnson, Beth P., Lum, Jarrad A.G., Rinehart, Nicole J. and Fielding, Joanne 2016, Ocular motor disturbances in autism spectrum disorders: systematic review and comprehensive meta-analysis, Neuroscience & biobehavioral reviews, vol. 69, pp. 260-279, doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.08.007.

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Title Ocular motor disturbances in autism spectrum disorders: systematic review and comprehensive meta-analysis
Author(s) Johnson, Beth P.
Lum, Jarrad A.G.ORCID iD for Lum, Jarrad A.G. orcid.org/0000-0003-2098-2403
Rinehart, Nicole J.ORCID iD for Rinehart, Nicole J. orcid.org/0000-0001-6109-3958
Fielding, Joanne
Journal name Neuroscience & biobehavioral reviews
Volume number 69
Start page 260
End page 279
Total pages 20
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-10
ISSN 0149-7634
1873-7528
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Behavioral Sciences
Neurosciences
Neurosciences & Neurology
SACCADIC EYE-MOVEMENTS
HIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM
DORSOLATERAL PONTINE NUCLEUS
SMOOTH-PURSUIT
BRAIN-STEM
ASPERGERS-DISORDER
VISUAL-ATTENTION
PURKINJE-CELLS
ANTERIOR CINGULATE
FASTIGIAL NUCLEUS
Summary There has been considerable focus placed on how individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) visually perceive and attend to social information, such as facial expressions or social gaze. The role of eye movements is inextricable from visual perception, however this aspect is often overlooked. We performed a series of meta-analyses based on data from 28 studies of eye movements in ASD to determine whether there is evidence for ocular motor dysfunction in ASD. Tasks assessed included visually-guided saccade tasks, gap/overlap, anti-saccade, pursuit tasks and ocular fixation. These analyses revealed evidence for ocular motor dysfunction in ASD, specifically relating to saccade dysmetria, difficulty inhibiting saccades and impaired tracking of moving targets. However there was no evidence for deficits relating to initiating eye movements, or engaging and disengaging from simple visual targets. Characterizing ocular motor abnormalities in ASD may provide insight into the functional integrity of brain networks in ASD across development, and assist our understanding of visual and social attention in ASD.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.08.007
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30086209

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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