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The relationship between divorce and the psychological well‐being of children with ADHD: differences in age, gender, and subtype

Heckel, Leila, Clarke, Adam, Barry, Robert, McCarthy, Rory and Selikowitz, Mark 2009, The relationship between divorce and the psychological well‐being of children with ADHD: differences in age, gender, and subtype, Emotional and behavioural difficulties, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 49-68, doi: 10.1080/13632750802655695.

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Title The relationship between divorce and the psychological well‐being of children with ADHD: differences in age, gender, and subtype
Author(s) Heckel, Leila
Clarke, Adam
Barry, Robert
McCarthy, Rory
Selikowitz, Mark
Journal name Emotional and behavioural difficulties
Volume number 14
Issue number 1
Start page 49
End page 68
Total pages 20
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Abingdon, Eng.
Publication date 2009-03
ISSN 1363-2752
1741-2692
Keyword(s) ADHD
divorce
behaviour difficulties
comorbidity
subtype
age
gender
Summary It is generally accepted that Attention‐Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) results from a dysfunction of the central nervous system, which has led to a commonly held belief that environmental factors play little role in the behavioural problems of children identified as having ADHD. Therefore, the two studies reported in this article investigated the relationship between parental divorce and the psychological well‐being of children with ADHD. Subjects, aged 6 to 18 years, were diagnosed with either the inattentive or combined subtype of the disorder. Firstly, differences in children's behaviour between divorced and non‐divorced families were examined, and subtype, age, and gender differences were evaluated in terms of symptom severity and comorbid conditions. Secondly, parents' perceptions of the impact of their children's behaviour on marital status and family/parental functioning were examined. Parental divorce was associated with greater symptom severity, more externalizing/ internalizing behaviours, and poorer social functioning, but less with academic underachievement. Further, parental divorce was related to adjustment differences in ADHD subtypes, age, and gender. However, the correlation between behaviour problems of children with ADHD and marital/family dysfunction was weak. It may be concluded that parental divorce was associated with the psychological well‐being in children with ADHD, and there is some suggestion that ADHD should be viewed as a bio‐psychosocial disorder.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/13632750802655695
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
1303 Specialist Studies In Education
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2009, SEBDA
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30086252

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Nursing and Midwifery
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