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Potential for eradication of the exotic plant pathogens Phytophthora kernoviae and Phytophthora ramorum during composting

Noble, R., Blackburn, J., Thorp, G., Dobrovin-Pennington, A., Pietravalle, S., Kerins, G., Allnutt, T. R. and Henry, C. M. 2011, Potential for eradication of the exotic plant pathogens Phytophthora kernoviae and Phytophthora ramorum during composting, Plant pathology, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 1077-1085, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02476.x.

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Title Potential for eradication of the exotic plant pathogens Phytophthora kernoviae and Phytophthora ramorum during composting
Author(s) Noble, R.
Blackburn, J.
Thorp, G.
Dobrovin-Pennington, A.
Pietravalle, S.
Kerins, G.
Allnutt, T. R.
Henry, C. M.
Journal name Plant pathology
Volume number 60
Issue number 6
Start page 1077
End page 1085
Total pages 9
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2011-12
ISSN 0032-0862
1365-3059
Summary Temperature and exposure time effects on Phytophthora kernoviae and Phytophthora ramorum viability were examined in flasks of compost and in a large-scale composting system containing plant waste. Cellophane, rhododendron leaf and peat-based inoculum of P. kernoviae and P. ramorum isolates were used in flasks; naturally infected leaves were inserted into a large-scale system. Exposures of 5 and 10days respectively at a mean temperature of 35°C in flask and large-scale composts reduced P. kernoviae and P. ramorum inocula to below detection limits using semi-selective culturing. Although P. ramorum was undetectable after a 1-day exposure of inoculum to compost at 40°C in flasks, it survived on leaves exposed to a mean temperature of 40·9°C for 5days in a large-scale composting system. No survival of P. ramorum was detected after exposure of infected leaves for 5days to a mean temperature of ≥41·9°C (32·8°C for P. kernoviae) or for 10days at ≥31·8°C (25·9°C for Phytophthora pseudosyringae on infected bilberry stems) in large-scale systems. Fitted survival probabilities of P. ramorum on infected leaves exposed in a large-scale system for 5days at 45°C or for 10days at 35°C were <3%, for an average initial infection level of leaves of 59·2%. RNA quantification to measure viability was shown to be unreliable in environments that favour RNA preservation: high levels of ITS1 RNA were recovered from P. kernoviae- and P. ramorum-infected leaves exposed to composting plant wastes at >53°C, when all culture results were negative.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02476.x
Field of Research 060599 Microbiology not elsewhere classified
0605 Microbiology
0607 Plant Biology
0703 Crop And Pasture Production
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2011, The Authors and BSPP
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30086580

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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