The ‘camps system’ in Italy : corruption, inefficiencies and practices of resistance

Armillei, Riccardo 2015, The ‘camps system’ in Italy : corruption, inefficiencies and practices of resistance, European Academic Network on Romani Studies, pp. 1-1.

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Title The ‘camps system’ in Italy : corruption, inefficiencies and practices of resistance
Author(s) Armillei, Riccardo
Source title European Academic Network on Romani Studies
Publisher Council of Europe
Place of publication Strasbourg Cedex, France
Publication date 2015-04-27
Start page 1
End page 1
Total pages 1
Keyword(s) Romani/'Gypsy' people
'camps system'
Summary The alarming proliferation of ‘campi nomadi’ (nomad camps) in Italy intensifies the urgency of analysing their internal mechanism and the complex relation between all the parties [1]; ‘camp dwellers’, government agencies and Civil Society organisations [CSOs][2], involved in their production and reification. To arrive at an adequate appreciation of this nexus, the three components of what has been termed the ‘camps system’ have been analysed separately. This approach helped to pinpoint how they have combined to produce a hegemonic perspective on Romani issues, which yields a simplistic binary interpretation of a complex and dynamic phenomenon: Romanies are generally viewed as either victims or threats, narrowing the range of responses to charity or hostility. Only in recent years a growing awareness regarding the agency of camp inhabitants has re-emerged more consistently after a period in which an ‘encamped life’ was at times associated to Agamben’s (1998) ‘bare life’ and Foucault’s (1977) ‘biopolitics’. Nevertheless, scholars are still hesitant in developing a current of study looking specifically at camps, not only as ‘resistance sites’, but more broadly as ‘all-inclusive systems’, where interacting and interdependent agents form an integrated whole. Through in-depth analysis of this specific socio-political context I was able to observe the existence of a democratic deficit in the way these actors operate and co-operate with each other: competition and antagonisms, corruption, lack of transparency and accountability, and inefficiencies have all contributed over the years to producing and maintaining the present living situation of the Romani peoples.
Language eng
Field of Research 160303 Migration
Socio Economic Objective 940111 Ethnicity
HERDC Research category M.1 Media article
Copyright notice ©2015, Council of Europe
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