Gluteus medius activation during running is a risk factor for season hamstring injuries in elite footballers

Franettovich Smith, Melinda M., Bonacci, Jason, Mendis, M. Dilani, Christie, Craig, Rotstein, Andrew and Hides, Julie A. 2017, Gluteus medius activation during running is a risk factor for season hamstring injuries in elite footballers, Journal of science and medicine in sport, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 159-163, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.07.004.

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Title Gluteus medius activation during running is a risk factor for season hamstring injuries in elite footballers
Author(s) Franettovich Smith, Melinda M.
Bonacci, Jason
Mendis, M. Dilani
Christie, Craig
Rotstein, Andrew
Hides, Julie A.
Journal name Journal of science and medicine in sport
Volume number 20
Issue number 2
Start page 159
End page 163
Total pages 5
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2017-02
ISSN 1440-2440
Keyword(s) electromyography
magnetic resonance imaging
prospective studies
Summary OBJECTIVES: To investigate if size and activation of the gluteal muscles is a risk factor for hamstring injuries in elite AFL players. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Twenty-six elite male footballers from a professional Australian Football League (AFL) club participated in the study. At the beginning of the season bilateral gluteus medius (GMED) and gluteus maximus (GMAX) muscle volume was measured from magnetic resonance images and electromyographic recordings of the same muscles were obtained during running. History of hamstring injury in the pre-season and incidence of hamstring injury during the season were determined from club medical data. RESULTS: Nine players (35%) incurred a hamstring injury during the season. History of hamstring injury was comparable between those players who incurred a season hamstring injury (2/9 players; 22%) and those who did not (3/17 players; 18%). Higher GMED muscle activity during running was a risk factor for hamstring injury (p=0.03, effect sizes 1.1-1.5). There were no statistically significant differences observed for GMED volume, GMAX volume and GMAX activation (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study identified higher activation of the GMED muscle during running in players who sustained a season hamstring injury. Whilst further research is required to understand the mechanism of altered muscle control, the results of this study contribute to the developing body of evidence that the lumbo-pelvic muscles may be important to consider in hamstring injury prevention and management.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.07.004
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Sports Medicine Australia
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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