Mediating effects of body composition between physical activity and body esteem in Hong Kong adolescents: a structural equation modeling approach

Mak, Kwok-Kei, Cerin, Ester, McManus, Alison M., Lai, Ching-Man, Day, Jeffrey R. and Ho, Sai-Yin 2016, Mediating effects of body composition between physical activity and body esteem in Hong Kong adolescents: a structural equation modeling approach, European journal of pediatrics, vol. 175, no. 1, pp. 31-37, doi: 10.1007/s00431-015-2586-5.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Mediating effects of body composition between physical activity and body esteem in Hong Kong adolescents: a structural equation modeling approach
Author(s) Mak, Kwok-Kei
Cerin, Ester
McManus, Alison M.
Lai, Ching-Man
Day, Jeffrey R.
Ho, Sai-Yin
Journal name European journal of pediatrics
Volume number 175
Issue number 1
Start page 31
End page 37
Total pages 7
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2016-01
ISSN 0340-6199
1432-1076
Keyword(s) body mass index
physical activity
body esteem
adolescents
Summary This study investigated the mediating role of body mass index (BMI) in the relationship between physical activity and body esteem in adolescents. Nine hundred and five Hong Kong Chinese students aged 12-18 years participated in a cross-sectional study in 2007. Students' BMI was computed as an indicator of their body composition. Their physical activity level and body esteem were examined using the Physical Activity Rating for Children and Youth (PARCY) and Body Esteem Scale (BES), respectively. Structural equation modelling was used to investigate the mediating effects of BMI and physical activity in predicting body esteem, with stratification by sex. The overall fit of the hypothesized models was satisfactory in boys (NFI = 0.94; NNFI = 0.88; CFI = 0.95; RMSEA = 0.07) and girls (NFI = 0.89; NNFI = 0.77; CFI = 0.91; RMSEA = 0.11). When BMI was considered as a mediator, higher physical activity had a significant negative total effect on body esteem in boys, but not in girls. The indirect effect of higher physical activity on body esteem via BMI was positive in boys, but negative in girls.

CONCLUSIONS: Regular physical activity may help overweight adolescents, especially boys, improve their body esteem. Kinesiologists and health professionals could explore the use of physical activity prescriptions for weight management, aiming at body esteem improvement in community health programs for adolescents.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s00431-015-2586-5
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1114 Paediatrics And Reproductive Medicine
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30086750

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 109 Abstract Views, 1 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 11 Jan 2017, 10:51:33 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.