Social cognitive theories used to explain physical activity behavior in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Plotnikoff, Ronald C., Costigan, Sarah A., Karunamuni, Nandini and Lubans, David R. 2013, Social cognitive theories used to explain physical activity behavior in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Preventative medicine, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 245-253, doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.01.013.

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Title Social cognitive theories used to explain physical activity behavior in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Author(s) Plotnikoff, Ronald C.
Costigan, Sarah A.ORCID iD for Costigan, Sarah A.
Karunamuni, Nandini
Lubans, David R.
Journal name Preventative medicine
Volume number 56
Issue number 5
Start page 245
End page 253
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2013-05
ISSN 1096-0260
Keyword(s) Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Attitude to Health
Motor Activity
Psychological Theory
Psychology, Adolescent
Self Efficacy
Summary PURPOSE: To systematically review and examine the explanatory power of key social-cognitive theories used to explain physical activity (PA) intention and behavior, among adolescents. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature was performed using the electronic databases Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SPORTdiscus, EBSCO and Education Resources Information Center, Proquest Education Journals Collection, Science Direct, Web of Science and Scopus for social-cognitive theories (i.e., Health Promotion Model, Theory of Planned Behavior, Theory of Reasoned Action, Protection Motivation Theory, Social Cognitive Theory/Self-Efficacy Theory, Health Belief Model, Self-Determination Theory, Transtheoretical Model) used to explain PA intention and behavior. Related keywords in titles, abstracts, or indexing fields were searched. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies satisfied the inclusion criteria and were retained for data extraction and analysis; 16 were cross-sectional studies and seven were longitudinal studies. Most studies employed self-report measures. In general, the models explained greater proportions of variance for intention compared to behavior. The meta-analyses revealed 33% and 48% of the variance respectively for PA and intention were explained by social cognitive models. CONCLUSIONS: Few studies have tested the predictive capacity of social cognitive theories to explain objectively measured PA. The majority of PA variance remains unexplained and more theoretical research is needed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.01.013
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1117 Public Health And Health Services
1302 Curriculum And Pedagogy
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2013, Elsevier Inc.
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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