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Rationale and study protocol for the supporting children's outcomes using rewards, exercise and skills (SCORES) group randomized controlled trial: a physical activity and fundamental movement skills intervention for primary schools in low-income communiti

Lubans, David R., Morgan, Phillip J., Weaver, Kristen, Callister, Robin, Dewar, Deborah L., Costigan, Sarah A., Finn, Tara L., Smith, Jordan, Upton, Lee and Plotnikoff, Ronald C. 2012, Rationale and study protocol for the supporting children's outcomes using rewards, exercise and skills (SCORES) group randomized controlled trial: a physical activity and fundamental movement skills intervention for primary schools in low-income communities, BMC public health, vol. 12, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-427.

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Title Rationale and study protocol for the supporting children's outcomes using rewards, exercise and skills (SCORES) group randomized controlled trial: a physical activity and fundamental movement skills intervention for primary schools in low-income communities
Author(s) Lubans, David R.
Morgan, Phillip J.
Weaver, Kristen
Callister, Robin
Dewar, Deborah L.
Costigan, Sarah A.ORCID iD for Costigan, Sarah A. orcid.org/0000-0003-2566-3276
Finn, Tara L.
Smith, Jordan
Upton, Lee
Plotnikoff, Ronald C.
Journal name BMC public health
Volume number 12
Article ID 427
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2012-06-12
ISSN 1471-2458
Keyword(s) Australia
Child
Exercise
Health Promotion
Humans
Motor Skills
Poverty
Program Evaluation
Research Design
Reward
School Health Services
Schools
Summary BACKGROUND: Many Australian children are insufficiently active to accrue health benefits and physical activity (PA) levels are consistently lower among youth of low socio-economic position. PA levels decline dramatically during adolescence and evidence suggests that competency in a range of fundamental movement skills (FMS) may serve as a protective factor against this trend.
METHODS/DESIGN: The Supporting Children's Outcomes Using Rewards Exercise and Skills (SCORES) intervention is a multi-component PA and FMS intervention for primary schools in low-income communities, which will be evaluated using a group randomized controlled trial. The socio-ecological model provided a framework for the 12-month intervention, which includes the following components: teacher professional learning, student leadership workshops (including leadership accreditation and rewards, e.g., stickers, water bottles), PA policy review, PA equipment packs, parental engagement via newsletters, FMS homework and a parent evening, and community partnerships with local sporting organizations. Outcomes will be assessed at baseline, 6- and 12-months. The primary outcomes are PA (accelerometers), FMS (Test of Gross Motor Development II) and cardiorespiratory fitness (multi-stage fitness test). Secondary outcomes include body mass index [using weight (kg)/height (m2)], perceived competence, physical self-esteem, and resilience. Individual and environmental mediators of behavior change (e.g. social support and enjoyment) will also be assessed. The System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time will be used to assess the impact of the intervention on PA within physical education lessons. Statistical analyses will follow intention-to-treat principles and hypothesized mediators of PA behavior change will be explored.
DISCUSSION: SCORES is an innovative primary school-based PA and FMS intervention designed to support students attending schools in low-income communities to be more skilled and active. The findings from the study may be used to guide teacher pre-service education, professional learning and school policy in primary schools.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry No: ACTRN12611001080910.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-12-427
Field of Research 110602 Exercise Physiology
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2012, Lubans et al.
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30086814

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.