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The association of a mediterranean-style diet pattern with polycystic ovary syndrome status in a community cohort study

Moran, Lisa J., Grieger, Jessica A., Mishra, Gita D. and Teede, Helena J. 2015, The association of a mediterranean-style diet pattern with polycystic ovary syndrome status in a community cohort study, Nutrients, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 8553-8564, doi: 10.3390/nu7105419.

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Title The association of a mediterranean-style diet pattern with polycystic ovary syndrome status in a community cohort study
Author(s) Moran, Lisa J.
Grieger, Jessica A.
Mishra, Gita D.
Teede, Helena J.
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 7
Issue number 10
Start page 8553
End page 8564
Total pages 12
Publisher MDPI AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2015-10
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) polycystic ovary syndrome
diet
dietary patterns
Australia
Summary Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition in reproductive-aged women. While lifestyle management is first-line treatment in PCOS, the dietary intake of women with PCOS is unclear and there is no research assessing dietary patterns of women with and without PCOS. The aim of this study was to examine dietary patterns in a large cohort of women with and without PCOS. Data were from 7569 participants in the 1973–1978 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health population assessed at 2009 (Survey 5) (n = 414 PCOS, n = 7155 non-PCOS). Dietary patterns were evaluated using factor analysis and multiple logistic regressions assessed their associations with PCOS status. Three dietary patterns were identified that explained 27% of the variance in food intake between women with and without PCOS: Non-core foods; Meats and take-away and Mediterranean-style. The Mediterranean-style dietary pattern was independently associated with PCOS status. On adjusted analysis for each 1 SD increase in the Mediterranean-style dietary pattern, there was a 26% greater likelihood that women had PCOS. This may indicate an improvement in the quality of dietary intake following a diagnosis of PCOS. Future research should examine the contribution of dietary patterns to the incidence and severity of PCOS and the potential for modification of dietary patterns in the lifestyle management of PCOS.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu7105419
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30087032

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.