Sports participation and alcohol use: associations with sports-related identities and well-being

Zhou, Jin, Heim, Derek and Levy, Andrew 2016, Sports participation and alcohol use: associations with sports-related identities and well-being, Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 170-179, doi: 10.15288/jsad.2016.77.170.

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Title Sports participation and alcohol use: associations with sports-related identities and well-being
Author(s) Zhou, Jin
Heim, Derek
Levy, Andrew
Journal name Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs
Volume number 77
Issue number 1
Start page 170
End page 179
Total pages 10
Publisher Alcohol Research Documentation
Place of publication New Brunswick, N.J.
Publication date 2016-01
ISSN 1937-1888
Keyword(s) Alcohol Drinking
Alcohol Drinking in College
Cross-Sectional Studies
Longitudinal Studies
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Self Report
Social Identification
Surveys and Questionnaires
United Kingdom
Young Adult
Summary OBJECTIVE: Studies indicate that those participating in sports are a high-risk population for hazardous alcohol use. Previous research identifies psychosocial drivers underpinning this link between sports participation and risky drinking behavior; however, the evidence is restricted to cross-sectional prevalence studies. Theoretical evaluations suggest that psychologically constructed identities are a defining factor for behaviors in this context. Therefore, the present study sought to examine longitudinally the relationships among sports-related identities, well-being, and alcohol behaviors in those participating in sports.

METHOD: Respondents completed self-report questionnaires on their alcohol consumption, drinking motives, athlete identity (personal identity), sports group identification (social identity), and general well-being. A sample of 475 participants (male = 55.6%; mean age = 20.2 years) provided data at Time 1 for cross-sectional analysis. Longitudinal associations were conducted with 92 participants (male = 42.4%; mean age = 20.8 years) who provided follow-up data (Time 1 and 6 months later).

RESULTS: Cross-sectional results revealed an association between social identity and alcohol consumption, which was fully mediated by positive reinforcement drinking motives. Correlation analysis found a significant positive relationship between Time 1 alcohol consumption and social identity 6 months later. Furthermore, social identity was positively associated with consumption, whereas athlete identity was negatively associated therewith. Finally, well-being was positively associated only with sports group identification over time.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that sport-related drinking may be an avenue for building group identification, and this identification is linked to well-being.
Language eng
DOI 10.15288/jsad.2016.77.170
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
1117 Public Health And Health Services
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Alcohol Research Documentation
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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