Physical activity during the early years: a systematic review of correlates and determinants

Bingham, Daniel D., Costa, Silvia, Hinkley, Trina, Shire, Katy A., Clemes, Stacy A. and Barber, Sally E. 2016, Physical activity during the early years: a systematic review of correlates and determinants, American journal of preventive medicine, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 384-402, doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.04.022.

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Title Physical activity during the early years: a systematic review of correlates and determinants
Author(s) Bingham, Daniel D.
Costa, Silvia
Hinkley, TrinaORCID iD for Hinkley, Trina
Shire, Katy A.
Clemes, Stacy A.
Barber, Sally E.
Journal name American journal of preventive medicine
Volume number 51
Issue number 3
Start page 384
End page 402
Total pages 19
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-09
ISSN 0749-3797
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
Summary CONTEXT: Being physically active during the early years (age 0-6 years) is vital for healthy development. Identifying correlates and determinants of physical activity (PA) is crucial to guide effective interventions. This systematic review synthesized studies investigating potential correlates and determinants of PA during the early years, accounting for different types of PA assessment.

EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Nine electronic databases were searched from inception year (1900) until September 2014; data were analyzed/interpreted in April 2015. The following inclusion criteria were used: written in English, published in peer-reviewed journals, participants not in statutory/school education, and an observational design investigating associations between an exposure/variable, and a quantitative measure of PA. Correlates/determinants of total, moderate to vigorous, and light PA were reported using an ecologic model.

EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Of 22,045 identified studies, 130 were included. All took place in high-income countries and few (6%) were of high quality. Correlates of total PA were sex (male, ++); parental PA (+); parental support (+); and time outdoors (+). Determinants of total PA were sex (+) and time spent playing with parents (+). The only correlate of moderate to vigorous PA was sex (male, ++). No determinants of moderate to vigorous or light PA were found. PA correlates/determinants were relatively consistent between objective and subjective PA measures.

CONCLUSIONS: Numerous studies investigated potential correlates and determinants of PA, but overall quality was low. A small number of demographic/biological and social/cultural factors were associated with PA. There is a need for high-quality studies exploring correlates/determinants across all domains of the ecologic model.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.04.022
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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