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Using causal loop diagramming to explore the drivers of the sustained functionality of rural water services in Timor-Leste

Neely, Kate and Walters, Jeffrey P. 2016, Using causal loop diagramming to explore the drivers of the sustained functionality of rural water services in Timor-Leste, Sustainability, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1-18, doi: 10.3390/su8010057.

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Title Using causal loop diagramming to explore the drivers of the sustained functionality of rural water services in Timor-Leste
Author(s) Neely, Kate
Walters, Jeffrey P.
Journal name Sustainability
Volume number 8
Issue number 1
Article ID 57
Start page 1
End page 18
Total pages 18
Publisher Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2016-01
ISSN 2071-1050
Keyword(s) Timor-Leste
system dynamics modelling
donors
NGOs
water services
community management
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Sciences
Environmental Studies
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
SUSTAINABILITY
SANITATION
SYSTEMS
Q
Q0
Q2
Q3
Q5
Q56
O13
Summary It is recognized that international water sector development work has issues with a lack of sustained positive outcomes. A large driver of this outcome is how NGOs work with communities to implement and then manage water services. Many NGOs tend to focus their efforts on improving their reach and organisational growth by continually engaging in new projects. This behaviour is largely driven by short-term donor funding models that reward extended coverage, leaving little focus on sustained outcomes. Similarly, community-based management (CBM) schemes often impede sustained services as a result of the community's limited capacity to operate and maintain the technology. To explore these complicated drivers on water service sustainability, we used causal loop diagramming to analyse the key aspect influencing the combined dynamics between NGOs, donors and CBM. We demonstrate this methodology through a study in Timor-Leste, where we gathered data necessary to develop and apply causal loop diagrams to analyse rural water supply program outcomes. The analysis of these diagrams allowed identification of leverage points used to suggest structural changes for sustained benefits of water services. These structural changes emphasize the importance of increased robustness and reliability of water technology and the associated impact this has on community satisfaction and, conjointly, on water service sustainability.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/su8010057
Field of Research 12 Built Environment And Design
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30087799

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Humanities and Social Sciences
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.