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Externalized attributional bias in the Ultra High Risk (UHR) for psychosis population

Thompson, Andrew, Papas, Alicia, Bartholomeusz, Cali, Nelson, Barnaby and Yung, Alison 2013, Externalized attributional bias in the Ultra High Risk (UHR) for psychosis population, Psychiatry research, vol. 206, no. 2-3, pp. 200-205, doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.10.017.

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Title Externalized attributional bias in the Ultra High Risk (UHR) for psychosis population
Author(s) Thompson, Andrew
Papas, Alicia
Bartholomeusz, Cali
Nelson, Barnaby
Yung, Alison
Journal name Psychiatry research
Volume number 206
Issue number 2-3
Start page 200
End page 205
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Shannon, Ireland
Publication date 2013-04-30
ISSN 0165-1781
1872-7123
Keyword(s) locus of control
psychosis
at risk mental state
Ultra High Risk
Clinical High Risk
schizophrenia
Adolescent
Case-Control Studies
Female
Humans
Internal-External Control
Male
Psychotic Disorders
Risk
Schizophrenic Psychology
Young Adult
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Psychiatry
PSYCHIATRY, SCI
PSYCHIATRY, SSCI
SOCIAL COGNITION
PERSECUTORY DELUSIONS
INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS
PRODROMAL GROUP
CONTROL SCALE
LOCUS
STYLE
REINFORCEMENT
Summary Specific externalizing attributional biases appear to be common in early psychosis. They may represent trait risk factors for the later development of a psychotic disorder, yet few studies have investigated this in clinical "at risk" populations. We aimed to investigate one particular bias, the Locus of Control of reinforcement (LOC) in a "Ultra High Risk" (UHR) for psychosis group. We recruited UHR individuals from an established at risk clinical service and a community control group. LOC was measured using the Adult Nowicki Strickland Internal External scale (ANSIE). Neuropsychological functioning, social functioning and psychopathology were assessed. We analyzed data from 30 controls and 30 UHR individuals. The UHR sample had a significantly more externalized LOC (control for events perceived to be external to the person) than controls. This difference remained statistically significant after adjusting for covariates (age, gender and IQ). More externalized LOC scores were negatively correlated with social and occupational functioning scores in the control group but not in the UHR group and positively correlated with negative symptoms and paranoid symptoms in the UHR group. These findings have implications for identifying potential psychological vulnerabilities for the development of psychosis and informing treatment approaches within the at risk group.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.10.017
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2012, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30087950

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
Population Health
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