Affective temperaments and emotional traits are associated with a positive screening for premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Câmara, Rachel A., Köhler, Cristiano A., Maes, Michael, Nunes-Neto, Pailo R., Brunoni, Andre R., Quevedo, Joao, Fernandes, Brisa S., Perugi, Giulio, Hyphantis, Thomas N. and Carvalho, Andre F. 2016, Affective temperaments and emotional traits are associated with a positive screening for premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Comprehensive psychiatry, vol. 71, pp. 33-38, doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2016.08.008.

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Title Affective temperaments and emotional traits are associated with a positive screening for premenstrual dysphoric disorder
Author(s) Câmara, Rachel A.
Köhler, Cristiano A.
Maes, Michael
Nunes-Neto, Pailo R.
Brunoni, Andre R.
Quevedo, Joao
Fernandes, Brisa S.ORCID iD for Fernandes, Brisa S.
Perugi, Giulio
Hyphantis, Thomas N.
Carvalho, Andre F.
Journal name Comprehensive psychiatry
Volume number 71
Start page 33
End page 38
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-11
ISSN 0010-440X
Summary OBJECTIVES: Preliminary evidence indicates that premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) may be frequently co-morbid with bipolar spectrum disorders. In addition, the manifestations of PMDD seem similar to a subthreshold depressive mixed state. Nevertheless, the associations between PMDD and affective temperaments and emotional traits have not been previously investigated. METHODS: A consecutive sample of 514 drug-free Brazilian women (mean age: 22.8; SD=5.4years) took part in this cross-sectional study. Screening for PMDD was obtained with the validated Brazilian Portuguese version of the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST). Affective temperaments and emotional dimensions were evaluated with the Affective and Emotional Composite Temperament Scale (AFECTS). In addition, socio-demographic and data on menstrual cycle were collected. RESULTS: According to the PSST, 83 (16.1%) women screened positive for PMDD, while 216 (42.0%) women had no/mild premenstrual symptoms. The cyclothymic temperament was independently associated with PMDD (OR=4.57; 95% CI: 2.11-9.90), while the euthymic temperament had an independent association with a lower likelihood of a positive screening for PMDD (OR=0.28; 95% CI: 0.12-0.64). In addition, anger and sensitivity emerged as emotional dimensions significantly associated with PMDD. CONCLUSIONS: A positive screening for PMDD was associated with a predominant cyclothymic temperament, while an euthymic temperament was associated with a lower likelihood for a positive screening for PMDD. These data deserve replication in prospective studies.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.comppsych.2016.08.008
Field of Research 110999 Neurosciences not elsewhere classified
1103 Clinical Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920507 Women's Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
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