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Sex differences in the prevalence of oppositional defiant disorder during middle childhood: a meta-analysis

Demmer, David H., Hooley, Merrilyn, Sheen, Jade, McGillivray, Jane A. and Lum, Jarrad A.G. 2017, Sex differences in the prevalence of oppositional defiant disorder during middle childhood: a meta-analysis, Journal of abnormal child psychology, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 313-325, doi: 10.1007/s10802-016-0170-8.

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Title Sex differences in the prevalence of oppositional defiant disorder during middle childhood: a meta-analysis
Author(s) Demmer, David H.
Hooley, Merrilyn
Sheen, Jade
McGillivray, Jane A.
Lum, Jarrad A.G.
Journal name Journal of abnormal child psychology
Volume number 45
Issue number 2
Start page 313
End page 325
Total pages 13
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2017-02
ISSN 0091-0627
1573-2835
Keyword(s) childhood
oppositional defiant disorder
psychopathology
development
gender
Summary This review provides a meta-analysed male:female prevalence ratio of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) during middle childhood in non-referred children. It also analyses sex differences in prevalence across cultures and over time. A systematic search for studies via the following sources was conducted: PsycInfo, Web of Knowledge, Medline Complete, Scopus, EMBASE, InfoRMIT, Psychological and Behavioural Sciences Collection, Cochrane Library, PubMed and ProQuest Health. The studies presented in two previous systematic reviews were also added to the search results. Inclusion/exclusion criteria were then applied and final studies were appraised for their methodological quality. Nineteen independent effect sizes met full inclusion criteria (aggregated sample N = 44,107). Overall, the prevalence of ODD was significantly higher in boys than girls (RR = 1.59, 95 % CI [1.36, 1.86], p < 0.001), with the male:female prevalence ratio found to be 1.59:1. Sex differences in prevalence were significant in Western (RR = 1.80, 95 % CI [1.55, 2.10], p < 0.001) but not non-Western cultures (RR = 1.08, 95 % CI [0.76-1.53], p > 0.05). Sex differences in prevalence were significant in studies published prior to and post the year 2000 (RR = 1.57, 95 % CI [1.22, 2.02], p < 0.001; RR = 1.64, 95 % CI [1.35, 2.00], p < 0.001), and were consistent between these two periods (Q, 1 = 0.36, p = > 0.05). The sex differences in ODD prevalence are discussed within the context of (i) predominant theories of sex differences in externalising behaviours, and (ii) departure from the sex-differences pattern found for other disruptive behavioural disorders.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10802-016-0170-8
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30088063

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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