The patterns of Syrian uprising: Comparing Hama in 1980–1982 and Homs in 2011

Conduit, Dara 2017, The patterns of Syrian uprising: Comparing Hama in 1980–1982 and Homs in 2011, British journal of Middle Eastern studies, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 73-87, doi: 10.1080/13530194.2016.1182421.

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Title The patterns of Syrian uprising: Comparing Hama in 1980–1982 and Homs in 2011
Author(s) Conduit, DaraORCID iD for Conduit, Dara
Journal name British journal of Middle Eastern studies
Volume number 44
Issue number 1
Start page 73
End page 87
Total pages 15
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Abingdon, Eng.
Publication date 2017
ISSN 1353-0194
Summary Economic grievances that marginalized rural citizens and eroded the Syrian government’s political base are widely considered to have sparked the 2011 uprising. Although the country’s 1980–1982 protests were also blamed on economic factors, commentators to date have largely resisted comparing the events. This article draws parallels between Hama in the lead-up to 1980–1982 and Homs pre-2011, arguing that while there are differences between the uprisings—including the socioeconomic group involved—the root causes of grievance were remarkably similar. Both uprisings followed a redrawing of Syria’s social contract that marginalized a group that had previously had a stake in the Syrian state. In both cases, a new underclass was formed that became the backbone of the political unrest. Although economic factors cannot explain the 2011 uprising in its entirety, this article argues that some of the seed dynamics in 2011 were remarkably similar to 1980–1982.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/13530194.2016.1182421
Field of Research 160607 International Relations
Socio Economic Objective 940399 International Relations not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, British Society for Middle Eastern Studies
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