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Developing physical and physiological employment standards: translation of job analysis findings to assessments and performance standards - a systematic review

Beck, Ben, Billing, Daniel C. and Carr, Amelia J. 2016, Developing physical and physiological employment standards: translation of job analysis findings to assessments and performance standards - a systematic review, International journal of industrial ergonomics, vol. 56, pp. 9-16, doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2016.08.006.

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Title Developing physical and physiological employment standards: translation of job analysis findings to assessments and performance standards - a systematic review
Author(s) Beck, Ben
Billing, Daniel C.
Carr, Amelia J.
Journal name International journal of industrial ergonomics
Volume number 56
Start page 9
End page 16
Total pages 8
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-11
ISSN 0169-8141
1872-8219
Keyword(s) physical employment standards
job analysis
physical aptitude tests
job-related fitness
occupational fitness
Summary Physical employment standards (PES) are developed with the aim of ensuring that an employee's physical and physiological capacities are commensurate with the demands of their occupation. While previous commentaries and narrative reviews have provided frameworks for the development of PES, this is the first systematic review of the methods used to translate job analysis findings to PES tests and performance standards for physically demanding occupations. A search of PubMed and Google Scholar was conducted for research articles published in English up to and including March 2015. Two authors independently reviewed and extracted data.

The search yielded 87 potentially eligible papers, including 60 peer reviewed journal articles and 17 technical reports. 57 papers were excluded leading to a final data set of 31 papers, representing 22 studies. Job analysis was most commonly conducted through subjective determination of job tasks followed by objective quantification and validation. Determination of criterion tasks was evenly distributedthrough subjective and objective methods with criterion tasks being defined most commonly as most demanding, critical and/or frequent. Generic predictive and task-related predictive tests were more commonly observed in isolation or in combination when compared to task simulation tests. Performance standards were more commonly criterion-referenced than norm-referenced with a variety of statistical methods utilised. This review provides recommendations for researchers when developing physical employment standards for a variety of occupations.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ergon.2016.08.006
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30088329

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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