What firm characteristics determine women's employment in manufacturing? evidence from Bangladesh

Ahmed, Salma, Feeny, Simon and Posso, Alberto 2016, What firm characteristics determine women's employment in manufacturing? evidence from Bangladesh, Equality, diversity and inclusion : an international journal, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 99-122, doi: 10.1108/EDI-07-2015-0057.

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Title What firm characteristics determine women's employment in manufacturing? evidence from Bangladesh
Author(s) Ahmed, SalmaORCID iD for Ahmed, Salma orcid.org/0000-0001-5005-4873
Feeny, Simon
Posso, Alberto
Journal name Equality, diversity and inclusion : an international journal
Volume number 35
Issue number 2
Start page 99
End page 122
Total pages 24
Publisher Emerald Group Publishing
Place of publication Bingley, Eng.
Publication date 2016
ISSN 1758-7093
1758-7093
Keyword(s) Manufacturing firms
Bangladesh
Female employment
Summary The purpose of this paper is to investigate the principal determinants of women's employment in the manufacturing sector of Bangladesh using a firm-level panel data from the World Bank's "Enterprise Survey" for the years 2007, 2011 and 2013. The paper sheds light on the demandside factors, mainly firm-level characteristics, which also influence this decision. Design/methodology/approach - The authors estimate a fractional logit model to model a dependent variable that is limited by zero from below and one from above. Findings - The results indicate that firm size, whether medium or large, and firms' export-oriented activities, have an important impact on women's employment in the manufacturing sector in Bangladesh. Moreover, the authors find that women are significantly more likely to work in unskilledlabour- intensive industries within the manufacturing sector. Research limitations/implications - The research is limited to Bangladesh; however, much of the evidence presented here has implications that are relevant to policymakers in other developing countries. Practical implications - The study identifies factors that affect female employment, that is, where the main constraints to increase female labour force participation. The study focuses on the demand-side factors, which has been somewhat neglected in recent years. As such, it has practical policy implications. Social implications - Focusing on female employment in Bangladesh also sheds light on the nexus between labour market opportunities and social change within a country that is characterised by extreme patriarchy, which has wide-reaching implications. Originality/value - This is an original and comprehensive paper by the authors.
Language eng
DOI 10.1108/EDI-07-2015-0057
Field of Research 160505 Economic Development Policy
1503 Business And Management
Socio Economic Objective 910208 Micro Labour Market Issues
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30088582

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Humanities and Social Sciences
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