Utilization and efficacy of internet-based eHealth technology in gastroenterology: a systematic review.

Knowles, Simon R and Mikocka-Walus, Antonina 2014, Utilization and efficacy of internet-based eHealth technology in gastroenterology: a systematic review., Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 387-408, doi: 10.3109/00365521.2013.865259.

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Title Utilization and efficacy of internet-based eHealth technology in gastroenterology: a systematic review.
Author(s) Knowles, Simon R
Mikocka-Walus, AntoninaORCID iD for Mikocka-Walus, Antonina orcid.org/0000-0003-4864-3956
Journal name Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology
Volume number 49
Issue number 4
Start page 387
End page 408
Total pages 22
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Abingdon, Eng.
Publication date 2014-04
ISSN 1502-7708
Keyword(s) eHealth
gastroenterology
internet intervetion
Summary OBJECTIVE: While there have been several reviews exploring the outcomes of various eHealth studies, none have been gastroenterology-specific. This paper aims to evaluate the research conducted within gastroenterology which utilizes internet-based eHealth technology to promote physical and psychological well-being. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature review of internet-based eHealth interventions involving gastroenterological cohorts was conducted. Searched databases included: EbSCOhost Medline, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Inclusion criteria were studies reporting on eHealth interventions (both to manage mental health problems and somatic symptoms) in gastroenterology, with no time restrictions. Exclusion criteria were non-experimental studies, or studies using only email as primary eHealth method, and studies in language other than English. RESULTS: A total of 17 papers were identified; seven studies evaluated the efficacy of a psychologically oriented intervention (additional two provided follow-up analyses exploring the original published data) and eight studies evaluated disease management programs for patients with either irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or celiac disease. Overall, psychological eHealth interventions were associated with significant reductions in bowel symptoms and improvement in quality of life (QoL) that tended to continue up to 12 months follow up. The eHealth disease management was shown to generally improve QoL, adherence, knowledge about the disease, and reduce healthcare costs in IBD, although the studies were associated with various methodological problems, and thus, this observation should be confirmed in well-designed interventional studies. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the evidence to date, eHealth internet-based technology is a promising tool that can be utilized to both promote and enhance gastrointestinal disease management and mental health.
Language eng
DOI 10.3109/00365521.2013.865259
Field of Research 110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30088649

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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