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Phylogenetic signals and ecotoxicological responses: potential implications for aquatic biomonitoring

Carew, Melissa E., Miller, Adam D. and Hoffmann, Ary A. 2011, Phylogenetic signals and ecotoxicological responses: potential implications for aquatic biomonitoring, Ecotoxicology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 595-606, doi: 10.1007/s10646-011-0615-3.

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Title Phylogenetic signals and ecotoxicological responses: potential implications for aquatic biomonitoring
Author(s) Carew, Melissa E.
Miller, Adam D.ORCID iD for Miller, Adam D.
Hoffmann, Ary A.
Journal name Ecotoxicology
Volume number 20
Issue number 3
Start page 595
End page 606
Total pages 12
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2011-05
ISSN 0963-9292
Keyword(s) phylogenetic signal
biological monitoring
Summary Macroinvertebrates can be successfully used as biomonitors of pollutants and environmental health because some groups are sensitive whereas, others are relatively tolerant to pollutants. An issue of ongoing debate is what constitutes an appropriate group for biomonitoring; should the group represent species, genera or higher taxonomic levels? A phylogenetic framework can provide new insights into this issue. By developing phylogenies for chironomids and mayflies, this investigation shows that there is strong phylogenetic signal for pollution responses, and that phylogenetic nodes are common to tolerant and sensitive groups of species. A phylogenetic analysis of biotic indices developed for mayflies based on their response to organic pollution shows that mayfly families varied in pollution tolerance. In contrast, based on sediment zinc concentrations as an indicator of pollution tolerance, Australian chironomids tend to vary in tolerance at lower taxonomic levels. Published data on North American chironomids shows much of the signal for pollution responses is contained within genera rather than sub-families. Tools are now available to distinguish whether this signal reflects historical evolutionary constraints or environmental effects leading to common evolved responses. This suggests that ideally higher taxonomic levels should be used for biomonitoring when there are strong phylogenetic constraints at higher levels. Evolutionary considerations can therefore help to guide the development of macroinvertebrate biomonitors and provide insights into processes that produce sensitive and tolerant taxa.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10646-011-0615-3
Field of Research 060411 Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics
060808 Invertebrate Biology
050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2011, Springer
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