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The SOS-framework (systems of sedentary behaviours): an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: a DEDIPAC-study

Chastin, Sebastien F.M., De Craemer, Marieke, Lien, Nanna, Bernaards, Claire, Buck, Christoph, Oppert, Jean-Michel, Nazare, Julie-Anne, Lakerveld, Jeroen, O'Donoghue, Grainne, Holdsworth, Michelle, Owen, Neville, Brug, Johannes, Cardon, Greet, DEDIPAC consortium, expert working group and consensus panel,, Arundell, Lauren, Fletcher, Eloise, Hinkley, Trina, Koorts, Harriet, Salmon, Jo, Timperio, Anna and Sudholz, Bronwyn 2016, The SOS-framework (systems of sedentary behaviours): an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: a DEDIPAC-study, International journal of behavioural nutrition and physical activity, vol. 13, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3.

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Title The SOS-framework (systems of sedentary behaviours): an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: a DEDIPAC-study
Author(s) Chastin, Sebastien F.M.
De Craemer, Marieke
Lien, Nanna
Bernaards, Claire
Buck, Christoph
Oppert, Jean-Michel
Nazare, Julie-Anne
Lakerveld, Jeroen
O'Donoghue, Grainne
Holdsworth, Michelle
Owen, Neville
Brug, Johannes
Cardon, Greet
DEDIPAC consortium, expert working group and consensus panel,
Arundell, Lauren
Fletcher, EloiseORCID iD for Fletcher, Eloise orcid.org/0000-0003-3958-9599
Hinkley, TrinaORCID iD for Hinkley, Trina orcid.org/0000-0003-2742-8579
Koorts, HarrietORCID iD for Koorts, Harriet orcid.org/0000-0003-1303-6064
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo orcid.org/0000-0002-4734-6354
Timperio, Anna
Sudholz, Bronwyn
Journal name International journal of behavioural nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 13
Article ID 83
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-07-15
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) Adults
Ageing
Concept mapping
Determinants
Environment
Europe
Life-course
Older adults
Policy
Public health
Sedentary behaviour
Sitting
System-based approach
Youth
Consensus
Diet
Exercise
Health Behavior
Health Policy
Humans
International Cooperation
Research
Sedentary Lifestyle
DEDIPAC consortium, expert working group and consensus panel
Summary BACKGROUND: Ecological models are currently the most used approaches to classify and conceptualise determinants of sedentary behaviour, but these approaches are limited in their ability to capture the complexity of and interplay between determinants. The aim of the project described here was to develop a transdisciplinary dynamic framework, grounded in a system-based approach, for research on determinants of sedentary behaviour across the life span and intervention and policy planning and evaluation.

METHODS: A comprehensive concept mapping approach was used to develop the Systems Of Sedentary behaviours (SOS) framework, involving four main phases: (1) preparation, (2) generation of statements, (3) structuring (sorting and ranking), and (4) analysis and interpretation. The first two phases were undertaken between December 2013 and February 2015 by the DEDIPAC KH team (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity Knowledge Hub). The last two phases were completed during a two-day consensus meeting in June 2015.

RESULTS: During the first phase, 550 factors regarding sedentary behaviour were listed across three age groups (i.e., youths, adults and older adults), which were reduced to a final list of 190 life course factors in phase 2 used during the consensus meeting. In total, 69 international delegates, seven invited experts and one concept mapping consultant attended the consensus meeting. The final framework obtained during that meeting consisted of six clusters of determinants: Physical Health and Wellbeing (71% consensus), Social and Cultural Context (59% consensus), Built and Natural Environment (65% consensus), Psychology and Behaviour (80% consensus), Politics and Economics (78% consensus), and Institutional and Home Settings (78% consensus). Conducting studies on Institutional Settings was ranked as the first research priority. The view that this framework captures a system-based map of determinants of sedentary behaviour was expressed by 89% of the participants.

CONCLUSION: Through an international transdisciplinary consensus process, the SOS framework was developed for the determinants of sedentary behaviour through the life course. Investigating the influence of Institutional and Home Settings was deemed to be the most important area of research to focus on at present and potentially the most modifiable. The SOS framework can be used as an important tool to prioritise future research and to develop policies to reduce sedentary time.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30088872

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.