A revised examination of the dual pathway model for bulimic symptoms: the importance of social comparisons made on Facebook and sociotropy

Puccio, Francis, Kalathas, Fiona, Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew and Krug, Isabel 2016, A revised examination of the dual pathway model for bulimic symptoms: the importance of social comparisons made on Facebook and sociotropy, Computers in human behavior, vol. 65, pp. 142-150, doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.08.018.

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Title A revised examination of the dual pathway model for bulimic symptoms: the importance of social comparisons made on Facebook and sociotropy
Author(s) Puccio, Francis
Kalathas, Fiona
Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, MatthewORCID iD for Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew orcid.org/0000-0003-1145-6057
Krug, Isabel
Journal name Computers in human behavior
Volume number 65
Start page 142
End page 150
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-12
ISSN 0747-5632
Keyword(s) Dual pathway model
Facebook use
Bulimia nervosa
Dietary restraint
Social comparisons
Social Sciences
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Psychology, Experimental
Summary Objective To replicate the Dual Pathway Model (DPM) of bulimia nervosa (BN) symptoms prospectively, and to assess whether a revised version of the DPM that included the variables social comparisons made on Facebook and sociotropy influenced the DPM.

Method Participants were 245 females who completed baseline measures (T1) that assessed the DPM, as well as the constructs social comparisons made on Facebook, and sociotropy, and a follow-up questionnaire, which assessed symptoms of depression, bulimia, and dietary restraint, one month later (T2).

Results Path analysis revealed that the original and the revised DPMs had excellent fit once modifications to the respective models were made. In both DPMs, T1 pressures to be thin and T1 thin ideal internalization were related to T1 body dissatisfaction. T1 body dissatisfaction prospectively predicted T2 depressive symptoms and T2 bulimic symptoms, but not T2 dietary restraint. Furthermore, T2 dietary restraint, but not T2 depressive symptoms, predicted T2 BN symptoms. Results also showed that T2 dietary restraint was associated with T2 depressive symptoms. In the revised DPM, T1 social comparisons made on Facebook were associated with T1 body dissatisfaction, T1 pressures to be thin, and T2 bulimic symptoms. T1 sociotropy was related to T1 social comparisons on Facebook, T1 pressures to be thin, T1 body dissatisfaction, and T2 bulimic symptoms.

Conclusions Findings suggest the BN preventative efforts might benefit from addressing appropriate forms of social comparisons, especially those made on Facebook, and the personality trait sociotropy.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.chb.2016.08.018
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
0806 Information Systems
1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Science
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30089268

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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