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Illicit drug use before and during pregnancy at a tertiary maternity hospital 2000-2006

Hayatbakhsh, Mohammad R., Kingsbury, Ann M., Flenady, Vicki, Gilshenan, Kristen S., Hutchinson, Delyse M. and Najman, Jake M. 2011, Illicit drug use before and during pregnancy at a tertiary maternity hospital 2000-2006, Drug and alcohol review, vol. 30, no. 2, Special issue: Alcohol, tobacco, drugs and the European project: five case studies, pp. 181-187, doi: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00214.x.

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Title Illicit drug use before and during pregnancy at a tertiary maternity hospital 2000-2006
Author(s) Hayatbakhsh, Mohammad R.
Kingsbury, Ann M.
Flenady, Vicki
Gilshenan, Kristen S.
Hutchinson, Delyse M.ORCID iD for Hutchinson, Delyse M. orcid.org/0000-0003-3221-7143
Najman, Jake M.
Journal name Drug and alcohol review
Volume number 30
Issue number 2
Season Special issue: Alcohol, tobacco, drugs and the European project: five case studies
Start page 181
End page 187
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2011-03
ISSN 0959-5236
1465-3362
Keyword(s) illicit drug
pregnancy
prevalence
Summary Introduction and Aims. To study the prevalence of use of illicit drugs by women of reproductive age before and during pregnancy and the changes in rates of illicit drug use in pregnancy over recent years.

Design and Methods. All pregnant women attending the public antenatal clinic over a 7 year period (2000-2006) were routinely interviewed about their use of illicit drugs by a midwife at the antenatal booking visit.

Measurements. Records for 25,049 women, who self-reported previous and current use of cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy and heroin, were included in the study.

Results. Cannabis was the most common illicit drug used before and during pregnancy; 9.3% of women were engaged in regular use prior to pregnancy and 2.5% were users during pregnancy. A very low proportion of women reported use of amphetamines, ecstasy or heroin in pregnancy. There was an increase in ever regular use and any past use of cannabis, amphetamines and ecstasy over time.

Conclusions. The prevalence of illicit drug use by young women prior to becoming pregnant is of concern. While pregnancy appears to be a strong motivator for women to cease substance use, there is a need to study whether women resume drug use after their baby is born.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00214.x
Field of Research 111599 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences not elsewhere classified
11 Medical And Health Sciences
16 Studies In Human Society
17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920507 Women's Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2010, Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30089476

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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