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The application of theories of the policy process to obesity prevention: a systematic review and meta-synthesis

Clarke, Brydie, Swinburn, Boyd and Sacks, Gary 2016, The application of theories of the policy process to obesity prevention: a systematic review and meta-synthesis, BMC public health, vol. 16, Article Number : 1084, pp. 1-19, doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3639-z.

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Title The application of theories of the policy process to obesity prevention: a systematic review and meta-synthesis
Author(s) Clarke, Brydie
Swinburn, Boyd
Sacks, GaryORCID iD for Sacks, Gary orcid.org/0000-0001-9736-1539
Journal name BMC public health
Volume number 16
Season Article Number : 1084
Start page 1
End page 19
Total pages 19
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-10-13
ISSN 1471-2458
Keyword(s) Food
Nutrition
Obesity prevention
Policy
Policy process
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
HEALTH-PROMOTION RESEARCH
CHILDHOOD OBESITY
PUBLIC-HEALTH
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
MULTIPLE STREAMS
POLITICAL-SCIENCE
FOOD POLICY
SUPPORT
STATE
Summary BACKGROUND: Theories of the policy process are recommended as tools to help explain both policy stasis and change.

METHODS: A systematic review of the application of such theoretical frameworks within the field of obesity prevention policy was conducted. A meta-synthesis was also undertaken to identify the key influences on policy decision-making.

RESULTS: The review identified 17 studies of obesity prevention policy underpinned by political science theories. The majority of included studies were conducted in the United States (US), with significant heterogeneity in terms of policy level (e.g., national, state) studied, areas of focus, and methodologies used. Many of the included studies were methodologically limited, in regard to rigour and trustworthiness. Prominent themes identified included the role of groups and networks, political institutions, and political system characteristics, issue framing, the use of evidence, personal values and beliefs, prevailing political ideology, and timing.

CONCLUSIONS: The limited application of political science theories indicates a need for future theoretically based research into the complexity of policy-making and multiple influences on obesity prevention policy processes.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-3639-z
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30089545

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
Population Health
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.