Acute high-fat feeding does not prevent the improvement in glucose tolerance after resistance exercise in lean individuals

Shaw, Christopher S., Cooper, Natalie M., Shaw, Oliver, Salomao, Paulo and Wagenmakers, Anton J. M. 2011, Acute high-fat feeding does not prevent the improvement in glucose tolerance after resistance exercise in lean individuals, European journal of applied physiology, vol. 111, no. 10, pp. 2607-2613, doi: 10.1007/s00421-011-1872-9.

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Title Acute high-fat feeding does not prevent the improvement in glucose tolerance after resistance exercise in lean individuals
Author(s) Shaw, Christopher S.ORCID iD for Shaw, Christopher S.
Cooper, Natalie M.
Shaw, Oliver
Salomao, Paulo
Wagenmakers, Anton J. M.
Journal name European journal of applied physiology
Volume number 111
Issue number 10
Start page 2607
End page 2613
Total pages 7
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publication date 2011-10
ISSN 1439-6319
Keyword(s) insulin sensitivity
glucose tolerance
resistance exercise
high-fat diet
Blood Glucose
Dietary Fats
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
Feeding Behavior
Glucose Intolerance
Glucose Tolerance Test
Insulin Resistance
Resistance Training
Young Adult
Summary Our first aim was to investigate whether the ingestion of a single high-fat meal impairs glucose tolerance. Our second aim was to investigate whether improvements in glucose tolerance that are seen after resistance exercise remain when exercise is performed after ingestion of a high-fat meal. Eight young males consumed either a high fat (HF) or an isocaloric control (CON) meal in the morning and underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) 6 h later. On two other occasions, a single 1 h bout of resistance exercise was completed 2 h after consumption of each meal (HFE and CONE). There were no significant differences in plasma glucose and plasma insulin areas under the curve (AUC) or estimates of insulin sensitivity between the HF and CON trials (P > 0.05). The HFE and CONE trials elicited a ~20% lower plasma glucose AUC (P < 0.05) compared to their respective control trials. The HFE also elicited a ~25% lower plasma insulin AUC (P < 0.05) in comparison to the HF trial. The HFE trial also significantly improved estimates of insulin sensitivity in comparison to the HF condition (P < 0.05). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that consumption of a single HF meal does not impair glucose tolerance in the resting state in lean individuals and that an acute bout of resistance exercise remains effective in enhancing glucose tolerance following the ingestion of a single high-fat meal.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s00421-011-1872-9
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2011, Springer
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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