Accounting for depressive realism in contingency judgments: attentional processing differences

Hyder, Shannon and King, Ross M. 2016, Accounting for depressive realism in contingency judgments: attentional processing differences, International journal of cognitive therapy, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 181-201, doi: 10.1521/ijct_2016_09_06.

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Title Accounting for depressive realism in contingency judgments: attentional processing differences
Author(s) Hyder, ShannonORCID iD for Hyder, Shannon
King, Ross M.ORCID iD for King, Ross M.
Journal name International journal of cognitive therapy
Volume number 9
Issue number 3
Start page 181
End page 201
Total pages 21
Publisher Guilford Press
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2016-09
ISSN 1937-1209
Keyword(s) contingency judgment
depressive realism
undergraduate students
Summary The purpose of this series of experiments was to determine the necessary conditions for eliciting depressive realism in a contingency judgment task and to compare the explanatory power of divergent theoretical accounts for this phenomenon. Across a series of experiments, groups of dysphoric and non-dysphoric undergraduate students (n1 = 46; n2 = 60) completed contingency judgment tasks, after which they estimated their control over the task. Depressive realism was elicited when the method of responding to the task was manipulated. Only when participants faced a choice between a "pressing" response option and a "not pressing" response option did dysphoric participants make more accurate judgments of control than nondysphoric participants, F(1, 59) = 11.24, p < .05. The evidence for a boundary condition identified in the current paper suggests important attentional differences between dysphoric and non-dysphoric individuals that must be explained by any theoretical account of depressive realism.
Language eng
DOI 10.1521/ijct_2016_09_06
Field of Research 170201 Computer Perception, Memory and Attention
1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Science
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, International Association for Cognitive Psychotherapy
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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