Understanding the burnout experience: recent research and its implications for psychiatry

Maslach, Christina and Leiter, Michael P. 2016, Understanding the burnout experience: recent research and its implications for psychiatry, World psychiatry, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 103-111, doi: 10.1002/wps.20311.

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Title Understanding the burnout experience: recent research and its implications for psychiatry
Author(s) Maslach, Christina
Leiter, Michael P.ORCID iD for Leiter, Michael P. orcid.org/0000-0001-5680-0363
Journal name World psychiatry
Volume number 15
Issue number 2
Start page 103
End page 111
Total pages 9
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2016-06
ISSN 1723-8617
2051-5545
Keyword(s) burnout
work engagement
psychiatric staff
health care
depression
exhaustion
cynicism
burnout measures
burnout interventions
Summary The experience of burnout has been the focus of much research during the past few decades. Measures have been developed, as have various theoretical models, and research studies from many countries have contributed to a better understanding of the causes and consequences of this occupationally-specific dysphoria. The majority of this work has focused on human service occupations, and particularly health care. Research on the burnout experience for psychiatrists mirrors much of the broader literature, in terms of both sources and outcomes of burnout. But it has also identified some of the unique stressors that mental health professionals face when they are dealing with especially difficult or violent clients. Current issues of particular relevance for psychiatry include the links between burnout and mental illness, the attempts to redefine burnout as simply exhaustion, and the relative dearth of evaluative research on potential interventions to treat and/or prevent burnout. Given that the treatment goal for burnout is usually to enable people to return to their job, and to be successful in their work, psychiatry could make an important contribution by identifying the treatment strategies that would be most effective in achieving that goal.
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/wps.20311
Field of Research 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
1103 Clinical Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, World Psychiatric Association
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30089722

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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