Work-related factors of presenteeism: the mediating role of mental and physical health

Pohling, Rico, Buruck, Gabriele, Jungbauer, Kevin-Lim and Leiter, Michael P. 2016, Work-related factors of presenteeism: the mediating role of mental and physical health, Journal of occupational health psychology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 220-234, doi: 10.1037/a0039670.

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Title Work-related factors of presenteeism: the mediating role of mental and physical health
Author(s) Pohling, Rico
Buruck, Gabriele
Jungbauer, Kevin-Lim
Leiter, Michael P.ORCID iD for Leiter, Michael P.
Journal name Journal of occupational health psychology
Volume number 21
Issue number 2
Start page 220
End page 234
Total pages 15
Publisher American Psychological Association
Place of publication Washington, D.C.
Publication date 2016-04
ISSN 1076-8998
Keyword(s) areas of work life
musculoskeletal complaints
act of presenteeism
work productivity
Summary Even though work-related factors have been found to play a crucial role in predicting presenteeism, studies investigating established theoretical frameworks of job design features and, in particular, underlying mechanisms are still very scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the areas of work life according to the Areas of Worklife Scale (AWS; Leiter & Maslach, 2004) on presenteeism. We examined mental and physical health as the underlying process of this relationship and assessed 2 presenteeism outcome measures and their relationship to each other-that is, the frequency of acts of presenteeism and work productivity. Using a cross-sectional design, the study was conducted in a sample of 885 employees from German public service. Results showed that the influence of some, but not all, areas of work life (workload, control, reward, and values) on both acts of presenteeism and health-related lost productivity was mediated by health indicators (well-being and musculoskeletal complaints). Moreover, we found a relationship between health-related lost productivity and acts of presenteeism. The present research clarifies the importance of work-related factors as antecedents of sickness presenteeism. The findings of our study also emphasize the necessity to include both acts of presenteeism and health-related lost productivity in presenteeism research and prevention. Presenteeism should be included as a measure in health prevention interventions because it reflects a crucial part of employee health that is not covered by other measures.
Language eng
DOI 10.1037/a0039670
Field of Research 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
1503 Business And Management
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, American Psychological Association
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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