Predicting cynicism as a function of trust and civility: a longitudinal analysis

Nicholson, Ryan M., Leiter, Michael P. and Laschinger, Heather K.S. 2014, Predicting cynicism as a function of trust and civility: a longitudinal analysis, Journal of nursing management, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 974-983, doi: 10.1111/jonm.12073.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Predicting cynicism as a function of trust and civility: a longitudinal analysis
Author(s) Nicholson, Ryan M.
Leiter, Michael P.ORCID iD for Leiter, Michael P.
Laschinger, Heather K.S.
Journal name Journal of nursing management
Volume number 22
Issue number 8
Start page 974
End page 983
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2014-11
ISSN 0966-0429
Keyword(s) burnout
Burnout, Professional
Job Satisfaction
Longitudinal Studies
Regression Analysis
Social Support
Surveys and Questionnaires
Summary AIM: The aim of this study was to examine whether participant views of job resources (i.e. trust and civility) towards their co-workers and supervisors were longitudinally predictive of workplace cynicism, an aspect of burnout.

BACKGROUND: Cynicism is a significant predictor of intention to quit among nurses. Social supports are hypothesized to protect workers from becoming increasingly cynical.

METHOD: Measures of cynicism, and trust and civility in both co-workers and supervisors were part of a survey completed by a sample of 323 Canadian nurses whose responses were matched across two time-points, 1 year apart.

RESULTS: Hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses revealed that co-worker civility enhanced the ability of our regression models to predict cynicism by explaining 1.1% of the variance in cynicism. The addition of co-worker trust, supervisor civility and supervisor trust did not enhance the ability of the models to predict cynicism.

CONCLUSION: The results indicated the importance of workgroup civility in diminishing workplace cynicism.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Efforts to reduce burnout may be improved by decreasing cynicism through interventions aimed at increasing workgroup civility.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/jonm.12073
Field of Research 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
1110 Nursing
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2013, Wiley
Persistent URL

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
2018 ERA Submission
Connect to link resolver
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 7 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 363 Abstract Views, 9 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 30 Nov 2016, 14:22:34 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact