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Work–nonwork conflict and burnout: a meta-analysis

Reichl, Corinna, Leiter, Michael P and Spinath, Frank M 2014, Work–nonwork conflict and burnout: a meta-analysis, Human relations, vol. 67, no. 8, pp. 979-1005, doi: 10.1177/0018726713509857.

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Title Work–nonwork conflict and burnout: a meta-analysis
Author(s) Reichl, Corinna
Leiter, Michael PORCID iD for Leiter, Michael P orcid.org/0000-0001-5680-0363
Spinath, Frank M
Journal name Human relations
Volume number 67
Issue number 8
Start page 979
End page 1005
Total pages 27
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2014-08-01
ISSN 0018-7267
1741-282X
Keyword(s) age
culture
gender
moderators
negative spillover
work and family
Summary This study meta-analytically examines correlations between dimensions of work–nonwork conflict (work-to-nonwork and nonwork-to-work conflict) and burnout subscales (exhaustion, depersonalization/cynicism), with a special emphasis on the role of moderating variables. The meta-analysis is based on 220 coefficients from 91 samples with a total of 51,700 participants and employs a random-effects model. Primary studies relied on samples of working adults from different cultural backgrounds. Our results revealed that both directions of work–nonwork conflict were strongly related to emotional exhaustion as well as to cynicism (ρ between .34 and .61). The correlations were shown to be moderated differentially by gender, age, marital and parental status as well as by cultural background. Meta-analyses based on primary studies with multi-wave designs indicated that work interfering with nonwork and exhaustion have equal reciprocal effects when considering zero-order correlations. However, within meta-analytical structural equation modeling, cross-lagged relations between work-to-nonwork conflict and exhaustion across time did not improve the prediction of outcomes at Time 2 above the influence of stability coefficients.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0018726713509857
Field of Research 150399 Business and Management not elsewhere classified
1503 Business And Management
1701 Psychology
1608 Sociology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30089736

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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