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Burnout and job performance: the moderating role of selection, optimization, and compensation strategies

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A.B. and Leiter, M. 2014, Burnout and job performance: the moderating role of selection, optimization, and compensation strategies, Journal of occupational health psychology, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 96-107, doi: 10.1037/a0035062.


Title Burnout and job performance: the moderating role of selection, optimization, and compensation strategies
Author(s) Demerouti, E.
Bakker, A.B.
Leiter, M.ORCID iD for Leiter, M. orcid.org/0000-0001-5680-0363
Journal name Journal of occupational health psychology
Volume number 19
Issue number 1
Start page 96
End page 107
Total pages 12
Publisher American Psychological Association
Place of publication Washington, D.C.
Publication date 2014-01
ISSN 1939-1307
Keyword(s) Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Burnout, Professional
Employee Performance Appraisal
Female
Humans
Job Satisfaction
Male
Middle Aged
Netherlands
Self Concept
Surveys and Questionnaires
Summary The present study aims to explain why research thus far has found only low to moderate associations between burnout and performance. We argue that employees use adaptive strategies that help them to maintain their performance (i.e., task performance, adaptivity to change) at acceptable levels despite experiencing burnout (i.e., exhaustion, disengagement). We focus on the strategies included in the selective optimization with compensation model. Using a sample of 294 employees and their supervisors, we found that compensation is the most successful strategy in buffering the negative associations of disengagement with supervisor-rated task performance and both disengagement and exhaustion with supervisor-rated adaptivity to change. In contrast, selection exacerbates the negative relationship of exhaustion with supervisor-rated adaptivity to change. In total, 42% of the hypothesized interactions proved to be significant. Our study uncovers successful and unsuccessful strategies that people use to deal with their burnout symptoms in order to achieve satisfactory job performance.
Language eng
DOI 10.1037/a0035062
Field of Research 1503 Business And Management
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, American Psychological Association
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30089744

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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