A factor confirmation and convergent validity of the "areas of worklife scale" (AWS) to Spanish translation
Gascón, Santiago, Leiter, Michael P., Stright, Naomi, Santed, Miguel A., Montero-Marín, Jesús, Andrés, Eva, Asensio-Martínez, Angela and García-Campayo, Javier 2013, A factor confirmation and convergent validity of the "areas of worklife scale" (AWS) to Spanish translation, Health and quality of life outcomes, vol. 11, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-11-63.
BACKGROUND: Perceived incongruity between the individual and the job on work-life areas such as workload, control, reward, fairness, community and values have implications for the dimensions of burnout syndrome. The "Areas of Work-life Scale" (AWS) is a practical instrument to measure employees´ perceptions of their work environments. AIMS: Validate a Spanish translation of the AWS, and it relationship with Masclach Burnout Inventory dimensions. METHODS: The study was conducted in three medium-sized hospitals and seven rural and urban Primary Care centres (N = 871) in Spain. The "Maslach Burnout Inventory General Survey" (MBI-GS) and AWS were applied. We developed a complete psychometric analysis of its reliability, and validity. RESULTS: Data on the reliability supported a good internal consistency (Cronbach α between .71, and .85). Construct validity was confirmed by a six factor model of the AWS as a good measure of work environments (χ²(₃₅₂) = 806.21, p < 0.001; χ²/df = 2.29; CFI = 0.935, RMSEA = 0.039); concurrent validity was analysed for its relationship with other measures (opposing dimensions to burnout, and MBI), and each correlation between dimensions and sub-dimensions were statistically significant; as well, predictive validity, by a series of Multiple Regression Analysis examined the resulting patterns of the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) confirms the relationship between the work-life areas and burnout dimensions. CONCLUSIONS: Leiter and Maslach's AWS has been an important instrument in exploring several work-life factors that contribute to burnout. This scale can now be used to assess the quality of work-life in order to design and assess the need for intervention programs in Spanish-speaking countries.
Field of Research
111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified 1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective
920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
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