A two process model of burnout and work engagement: distinct implications of demands and values

Leiter, Michael 2008, A two process model of burnout and work engagement: distinct implications of demands and values, Giornale Italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia, vol. 30, no. 1 Suppl A, pp. A52-A58.

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Title A two process model of burnout and work engagement: distinct implications of demands and values
Author(s) Leiter, MichaelORCID iD for Leiter, Michael orcid.org/0000-0001-5680-0363
Journal name Giornale Italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia
Volume number 30
Issue number 1 Suppl A
Start page A52
End page A58
Total pages 7
Publisher Aracne Editrice
Place of publication Rome, Italy
Publication date 2008-01
ISSN 1592-7830
0391-9889
Keyword(s) Burnout, Professional
Female
Humans
Male
Models, Theoretical
Summary A model of job burnout proposes two distinct processes. The first process concerns balance of demands to resources. A poor balance leads to chronic exhaustion, an integral aspect of the burnout syndrome. The second process concerns the congruence of individual and organizational values. The model proposes that value conflicts have implications for all three aspects of burnout. It also proposes that the impact of value conflicts has only minor implications for the exhaustion aspect of burnout; they are more relevant for the cynicism and inefficacy aspects of the syndrome. The model considers distinct processes at work that concern employees' perception of organizational justice and their trust in leadership. With a sample of 725 nurses, the analysis tested one component of the theory: the extent to which value congruence enhances the prediction of burnout beyond the prediction provided by demands and resources. Future directions are discussed.
Language eng
HERDC Research category CN.1 Other journal article
Copyright notice ©2008, PI-ME
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30089776

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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