Characteristics of national and statewide health care–associated infection surveillance programs: a qualitative study

Russo, Philip L., Havers, Sally M., Cheng, Allen C., Richards, Michael, Graves, Nicholas and Hall, Lisa 2016, Characteristics of national and statewide health care–associated infection surveillance programs: a qualitative study, American journal of infection control, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 1505-1510, doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2016.06.034.

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Title Characteristics of national and statewide health care–associated infection surveillance programs: a qualitative study
Author(s) Russo, Philip L.ORCID iD for Russo, Philip L.
Havers, Sally M.
Cheng, Allen C.
Richards, Michael
Graves, Nicholas
Hall, Lisa
Journal name American journal of infection control
Volume number 44
Issue number 12
Start page 1505
End page 1510
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-12-01
ISSN 0196-6553
Keyword(s) nursing
health care-associated infection
qualitative approaches
Summary Background: There are many well-established national health care–associated infection surveillance programs(HAISPs). Although validation studies have described data quality, there is little research describingimportant characteristics of large HAISPs. The aim of this study was to broaden our understanding andidentify key characteristics of large HAISPs.Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with purposively selected leaders from nationaland state-based HAISPs. Interview data were analyzed following an interpretive description process.Results: Seven semi-structured interviews were conducted over a 6-month period during 2014-2015.Analysis of the data generated 5 distinct characteristics of large HAISPs: (1) triggers: surveillance wasinitiated by government or a cooperative of like-minded people, (2) purpose: a clear purpose is neededand determines other surveillance mechanisms, (3) data measures: consistency is more important thanaccuracy, (4) processes: a balance exists between the volume of data collected and resources, and (5) implementationand maintenance: a central coordinating body is crucial for uniformity and support.Conclusions: National HAISPs are complex and affect a broad range of stakeholders. Although the overallgoal of health care–associated infection surveillance is to reduce the incidence of health care–associated infection, there are many crucial factors to be considered in attaining this goal. The findingsfrom this study will assist the development of new HAISPs and could be used as an adjunct to evaluateexisting programs.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ajic.2016.06.034
Field of Research 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
1110 Nursing
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology
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