Visual analog scale and pressure pain threshold for delayed onset muscle soreness assessment

Lau, Wing Yin, Muthalib, Makii and Nosaka, Kazunori 2013, Visual analog scale and pressure pain threshold for delayed onset muscle soreness assessment, Journal of musculoskeletal pain, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 320-326, doi: 10.3109/10582452.2013.848967.

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Title Visual analog scale and pressure pain threshold for delayed onset muscle soreness assessment
Author(s) Lau, Wing Yin
Muthalib, Makii
Nosaka, Kazunori
Journal name Journal of musculoskeletal pain
Volume number 21
Issue number 4
Start page 320
End page 326
Total pages 7
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Abingdon, Eng.
Publication date 2013
ISSN 1058-2452
Keyword(s) algometer
eccentric exercise
elbow flexors
muscle damage
Summary Objectives: To investigate the relationship between two assessments to quantify delayed onset muscle soreness [DOMS]: visual analog scale [VAS] and pressure pain threshold [PPT].
Methods: Thirty-one healthy young men [25.8±5.5 years] performed 10 sets of six maximal eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors with their non-dominant arm. Before and one to four days after the exercise, muscle pain perceived upon palpation of the biceps brachii at three sites [5, 9 and 13cm above the elbow crease] was assessed by VAS with a 100mm line [0=no pain, 100=extremely painful], and PPT of the same sites was determined by an algometer. Changes in VAS and PPT over time were compared amongst three sites by a two-way repeated measures analysis of variance, and the relationship between VAS and PPT was analyzed using a Pearson product-moment correlation.
Results: The VAS increased one to four days after exercise and peaked two days post-exercise, while the PPT decreased most one day post-exercise and remained below baseline for four days following exercise [p<0.05]. No significant difference among the three sites was found for VAS [p=0.62] or PPT [p=0.45]. The magnitude of change in VAS did not significantly correlate with that of PPT [r=-0.20, p=0.28].
Conclusion: These results suggest that the level of muscle pain is not region-specific, at least among the three sites investigated in the study, and VAS and PPT provide different information about DOMS, indicating that VAS and PPT represent different aspects of pain.
Language eng
DOI 10.3109/10582452.2013.848967
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1103 Clinical Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920116 Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2013, Informa
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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