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Perceptions of nutrition transition problems: a qualitative study of Vietnamese health and education professionals

Pham, Thi Hai Quynh, Worsley, Anthony, Lawrence, Mark and Marshall, Bernie 2017, Perceptions of nutrition transition problems: a qualitative study of Vietnamese health and education professionals, International journal of health promotion and education, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 158-172, doi: 10.1080/14635240.2016.1262274.

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Title Perceptions of nutrition transition problems: a qualitative study of Vietnamese health and education professionals
Author(s) Pham, Thi Hai Quynh
Worsley, Anthony
Lawrence, MarkORCID iD for Lawrence, Mark orcid.org/0000-0001-6899-3983
Marshall, Bernie
Journal name International journal of health promotion and education
Volume number 55
Issue number 3
Start page 158
End page 172
Total pages 15
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2017
ISSN 1463-5240
2164-9545
Keyword(s) nutrition transition
double burden of disease
nutrition education
qualitative study
Vietnam
Summary The nutrition transition (The transition towards higher levels of economic development in developing countries brings with it several other transitions: demographic [rural to urban, younger to older population distribution], technological [low to high mechanisation and motorisation] and nutritional and epidemiological [infectious diseases to NCDs]. The nutrition transition relates to a large shift in a population’s dietary and activity patterns, which are characterised by less physically active lifestyles and increased consumption of processed and energy-dense foods [and fewer traditional foods and cuisines]. These changes are reflected in nutritional and health outcomes, especially the rapid increases in levels of obesity and non-communicable diseases in many low- and middle-income countries’ populations.) presents critical challenges for population health in low- and middle-income countries. The implementation of health policies and programmes to mitigate the negative effects of the nutrition transition requires the engagement of schools and health service institutions in addition to government nutrition organisations to enhance awareness about health risks in the broad community. University education is the foundation for later professional practice. However, insufficient preparation of lecturers and outdated and static curricula have been claimed to contribute to the poor preparation of health and education graduates to respond nutrition transition. Thirty interviews were conducted to examine health and education professionals’ and nutrition lecturers’ perceptions of the nutrition transition in Vietnam and its drivers. The informants correctly understood the impact of the nutrition transition on their clients and the population, and their perceptions of the underlying drivers of these health conditions were identified. The education professionals claimed that it is easier to control undernutrition than to manage obesity and stressed the urgent need for programmes to control obesity. Economic improvement was viewed as a core driver contributing to the rise in the prevalence of obesity and chronic diseases. Family influences were perceived to be responsible for children’s poor eating patterns and obesity. Environmental influences were claimed to hasten the changes, including poor food safety, aggressive food marketing and the attractiveness of ‘new’ (Western) food in an emerging market economy. These findings suggest the need for more education for health and education professionals to respond to the nutrition transition.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/14635240.2016.1262274
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Institute of Health Promotion and Education
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30090524

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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