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Childhood obesity and bullying in schools of Argentina: analysis of this behaviour in a context of high prevalence

Kovalskys, I, Rausch Herscovici, C, Indart Rougier, P, Anez, EV, Zonis, LN and Orellana, L 2016, Childhood obesity and bullying in schools of Argentina: analysis of this behaviour in a context of high prevalence, Journal of childhood obesity, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 1-9.

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Title Childhood obesity and bullying in schools of Argentina: analysis of this behaviour in a context of high prevalence
Author(s) Kovalskys, I
Rausch Herscovici, C
Indart Rougier, P
Anez, EV
Zonis, LN
Orellana, LORCID iD for Orellana, L orcid.org/0000-0003-3736-4337
Journal name Journal of childhood obesity
Volume number 1
Issue number 3
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher Insight Medical Publishing
Place of publication Wilmington, Del.
Publication date 2016-06-14
Keyword(s) children
obesity
bullying
weight stigma
victimization
Argentina
Summary Background: Obese children are more exposed to bullying (B). This study aims to analyse such under-researched association among a sample of school-aged children in Argentina.

Methods:
This case control study comprised 8 elementary public schools of the county of Morón, Province of Buenos Aires. In 2013, 740 children ages 9-10 completed a questionnaire evaluating type and role played in B. Five types of B were analysed: general, physical, verbal, relational, and cybernetic; analysed roles were victim and perpetrator. Height and weight were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The relation between bullying and BMI was studied using a general linear mixed model including BMI, gender, and height as fixed effects, and course as random effect.

Findings: Types of B analysed showed a significant association between BMI and physical B (OR-obesity: 2.1; p = 0.001 y OR-overweight: 1.7; p = 0.011), between obesity and verbal B (OR: 1.7; p = 0.010) and between obesity and relational B (OR: 1.7; p = 0.023). Boys reported suffering more physical B than girls (OR: 1.7; p = 0.005), and a tendency to be more often the perpetrators (OR: 1.5; p = 0.070).

Conclusions:
Overweight and obese 9-10 year children of public schools of Argentine appear to be at significantly increased risk of bullying. Teachers, physical education instructors, and paediatricians should aim to address this behaviour when designing obesity prevention and treatment interventions.
Language eng
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30090592

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.