Challenges for females with high functioning autism in the workplace: a systematic review

Hayward, Susan M., McVilly, Keith R. and Stokes, Mark A. 2016, Challenges for females with high functioning autism in the workplace: a systematic review, Disability and rehabiliation, Latest Articles, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1080/09638288.2016.1254284.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Challenges for females with high functioning autism in the workplace: a systematic review
Author(s) Hayward, Susan M.
McVilly, Keith R.
Stokes, Mark A.ORCID iD for Stokes, Mark A.
Journal name Disability and rehabiliation
Season Latest Articles
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016
ISSN 1464-5165
Keyword(s) ASD
Summary PURPOSE: Individuals with High Functioning Autism (HFA) experience high levels of underemployment and unemployment, resulting in negative economic, social, and health outcomes. Given what is known about labor market participation difficulties experienced by women generally, and the paucity of research concerning women with HFA, this systematic review synthesized what is known about the labor market experiences of women with HFA.

METHOD: A systematic review of the literature concerning adult females with HFA in relation to the workplace yielded 1947 results; 11 met inclusion criteria being based on original data, but not necessarily focusing solely on women.

RESULTS: The total number participants with HFA across all studies was 731 (M = 66.45, SD = 95.44, Mdn = 18.00) aged between 18 and 70 years (M = 34.38, SD = 7.71); females represented 38% (n = 279) of those sampled. The principal challenges reported for individuals with HFA at work were communication, social interaction, and stress, together with negative mental and physical health.

CONCLUSION: These results should be interpreted with caution. Of the studies found, 73% were qualitative and based on small samples. Only one paper differentiated female data in analyses. These factors combined suggest large-scale mixed method research focused on females with HFA is required to gain an accurate insight into the challenges faced in the workplace, to in turn inform intervention and support. However, implications for rehabilitation based on what is known are discussed. Implication for Rehabilitation Unemployment and underemployment of persons with High Functioning Autism (HFA) poses social, health and economic issues for both individuals and the wider community. Those with HFA have the intellectual capacity to make a substantial contribution to the workplace. Based on what is known, some of the challenges for females with HFA might be similar to those experienced by men with HFA, however it is possible that there are gender-based differences (in both type and severity of challenges) that require attention.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/09638288.2016.1254284
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
11 Medical And Health Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Informa
Persistent URL

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
Connect to link resolver
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 112 Abstract Views, 2 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Tue, 17 Jan 2017, 14:48:06 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact